The world of work and trade unions, at various levels, have included the environ-mental question in their agenda in the last two decades, alongside the traditional attention paid to safety at work and health. The transition to a green, ecologically sound, economy is generally represented as an opportunity to be seized; nonethe-less it will inevitably have differentiated impacts among economic sectors, regions and jobs. The dilemma between work and environment/health becomes therefore a central issue for the entire workforce and trade unions are urged to drive such a transformation in order to eschew it. The dilemma is at the heart of the Taranto case. The article uses the case of the Ionian area to analyze the ways in which trade unions focus on the environmental issue and concretely deal with the com-patibility challenge.
Keywords: Trade unions, ecological transition, labor environmentalism, Taranto