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The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on working poverty: Theoretical and conceptual reflections
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO  
Autori/Curatori: Eric Crettaz 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2021 Fascicolo: 161  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  18 P. 7-24 Dimensione file:  222 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2021-161001
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Due to the ongoing Covid-crisis, the number of workers benefiting from short-time work schemes was high, especially during lockdowns, another large group of workers started working from home, and others, unfortunately, lost their jobs. The current situation is unprecedented, because it is the only global recession driven solely by a pandemic and the decrease in life expectancy is the worst since World War II. This article first shows that the literature on the socioeconomic effects of the Covid-19 pandemic does not say much about working poverty. Applying a theo-retical model presented in 2018 based on the four mechanisms that lead to working poverty (at the household level), this article considers the potential short- and midterm implications of the pandemic for the working poor in Europe. It also proposes conceptual reflections about which working poverty indicators may improve our understanding of what has unfolded since the pandemic began.

A causa della crisi generata dalla pandemia da Covid-19, molti lavoratori hanno beneficiato di programmi di lavoro a orario ridotto (i cosiddetti short-time work schemes attivati soprattutto durante i periodi di lockdown), alcuni lavoratori hanno potuto lavorare da casa e altri, purtroppo, hanno perso il lavoro. Questa situazione è senza precedenti: quella attuale è la sola recessione globale generata unicamente da una pandemia che ha determinato il calo dell’aspettative di vita più significativo dopo la Seconda guerra mondiale. Questo articolo mostra innanzitutto che la letteratura sugli effetti socioeconomici della pandemia da Covid-19 non si è sistematicamente occupata di povertà lavorativa. Utilizzando un modello teorico presentato nel 2018, basato su quattro meccanismi che portano alla povertà lavorativa (a livello familiare), l'obiettivo dell'articolo è quello di considerare le possibili implicazioni di breve e medio periodo della pandemia per i working poor in Europa. L’articolo propone inoltre una riflessione sugli indicatori di povertà lavorativa che possono supportare una comprensione più articolata di ciò che è accaduto dall’inizio della pandemia.
Keywords: lavoratori poveri, povertà da lavoro, Covid-19, pandemia, mercato del lavoro

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Eric Crettaz, L’impatto della pandemia Covid-19 sulla povertà da lavoro: Riflessioni teoriche e concettuali in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 161/2021, pp. 7-24, DOI:10.3280/SL2021-161001

   

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