Crossroads of the Great Powers: Rivalry in Cyrenaica and its impact on Anglo-Italian relations (1911-1951)

Journal title VENTUNESIMO SECOLO
Author/s Stefano Marcuzzi
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2021/49 Language Italian
Pages 22 P. 131-152 File size 147 KB
DOI 10.3280/XXI2021-049008
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Traditionally, the Italian conquest of Cyrenaica (1911-1932) has been described essentially as a colonial war fought by Italy against the local Bedouin tribes supported by the Sanusiyya Order, from which an embryo of Libyan identity emerged. Through a comparative and transregional analysis, the author off ers an altogether more complex reading of the war as a competition between confl icting imperialisms of the main European powers and the Sanusiyya itself, focussing in particular on Anglo-Italian relations. The author shows also how the underlying Anglo-Italian rivalry infl uenced the military operations in the colonial theatre during the Great War, and how it stimulated a regional identity in Cyrenaica - as opposed to a Libyan national identity - the legacy of which can still be seen in today’s Libya.

Keywords: Imperialism, First World War, Libya, Italy, Britain

Stefano Marcuzzi, Il crocevia delle grandi potenze: la competizione per la Cirenaica e il suo impatto sui rapporti italo-inglesi (1911-1951) in "VENTUNESIMO SECOLO" 49/2021, pp 131-152, DOI: 10.3280/XXI2021-049008