Platform labor and the weakening of wage-earning society. The case of food delivery in Bologna

Journal title SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO
Author/s Giorgio Pirina
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/163 Language Italian
Pages 20 P. 171-190 File size 232 KB
DOI 10.3280/SL2022-163009
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page .

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Anteprima articolo

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Digital technologies are ever more encapsulated in a wide range of social domains and are significantly affecting labour. In this contribute, the author investigates the platform labour and the weakening of the wage-earning society in the context of Bologna city of food. In fact, it possible to outline continuities between the precar-ious working conditions of the latter and the platform economy embedding. Yet, Bologna is one of the main nodes in Europe regarding the experimentation of mu-nicipal regulation of platform economy. In fact, the "Chart of rights digital work-ers in the urban context" represent the first urban normative tools in Europe which establish, although with no direct regulatory power, a minimum labor right base for digital workers. The author adopts a qualitative methodology, by using in-depth interviews to high qualified witness. Finally, the author introduces a new concept useful to capture the tension between diverging ideas on digital platforms and the capabilities to govern them: "digitarchy".

Keywords: Platform labor, Food delivery, Wage-earning society, City of Food

  1. Schor J. (2020). After the Gig. How the Sharing Economy Got Hijacked and How to Win It Back (Kindle). Oakland: University of California Press.
  2. Aloisi A. (2016). Commoditized Workers. The Rising of On-Demand Work, A Case Study Research on a Set of Online Platforms and Apps. Comparative Labor law&Policy Journal, 37(3).
  3. Arcidiacono D., Gandini A., Pais I. (2018). Sharing what? The ‘sharing economy’ in the sociological debate. Sociological Review, 66(2): 275-288. DOI: 10.1177/003802611875852
  4. Armano E., Murgia A., Teli M. (2017). Platform capitalism e confini del lavoro negli spazi digitali. Milano: Mimesis.
  5. Bagnasco A. (1977). Tre Italie. La problematica territoriale dello sviluppo italiano. Bologna: il Mulino.
  6. Borghi V. (2019a). Città, lavoro, estrazione di valore: economia morale dello spazio urbano. In: M. Antonucci, A. Trentin, a cura di, La Manifattura Tabacchi a Bologna. Ricerche sull’architettura industriale contemporanea tra storia, tecnica e riuso. Bologna: Bononia University Press.
  7. Borghi V. (2019b). The possible in the real: infrastructures of experience, cosmopolitanism from below and sociology. Quaderni di Teoria Sociale, 1: 35-59.
  8. Borghi V. (2020). K. Easterling, Lo spazio in cui ci muoviamo. L’infrastruttura come sistema operativo, 2019. Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, LXI(1): 211-214. DOI: 10.1423/9694
  9. Braverman H. (1978). Lavoro e capitale monopolistico. Torino: Einaudi.
  10. Brynjolfsson E., McAfee A. (2015). The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and prosperity in a Time of Brlliant Technologies. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
  11. Carchedi F., Mottura G., Pugliese E., a cura di (2003). Il lavoro servile e le nuove schiavitù. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  12. Cardano M. (2011). La ricerca qualitativa. Bologna: il Mulino.
  13. Casilli A.A. (2020). Schiavi del clic. Perché lavoriamo tutti per il nuovo capitalismo? Milano: Feltrinelli.
  14. Castel R. (2019). La metamorfosi della questione sociale. Milano: Mimesis.
  15. Castells M. (2014). La nascita della società in rete. Milano: UBE.
  16. Chicchi F. (2020). Beyond the ‘salary Institution’: On the ‘society of Performance’ and the Platformisation of the Employment Relationship. Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation, 14(1): 15-31.
  17. Chicchi F., Leonardi E., Lucarelli S. (2016). Logiche dello sfruttamento. Oltre la dissoluzione del rapporto salariale. Verona: Ombre Corte.
  18. Crouch C. (2019). Will the Gig Economy Prevail? Cambridge: Polity Press.
  19. De Stefano V. (2016). The rise of the «just-in-time workforce»: On-demand work, crowdwork and labour pro-tection in the «gig-economy (N. 71). Ginevra.
  20. Easterling K. (2019). Lo spazio in cui ci muoviamo. L’infrastruttura come sistema operativo. Roma: Treccani.
  21. Freddi D. (2019). Osservatorio sull’economia e il lavoro nella città metropolitana di Bologna. Numero 13. Bologna. www.ireser.it/Allegati/article/59/OEL_BO_N13.pdf.
  22. Freddi D. (2021). Osservatorio sull’economia e il lavoro nella città metropolitana di Bologna. Numero 14. Bologna. -- https://ireser.it/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/ OSS_BO_completo.pdf.
  23. Fuchs C. (2014). Digital Labour and Karl Marx. New York: Routledge.
  24. Fuchs C. (2015). The Digital Labour Theory of Value and Karl Marx in the Age of Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and Weibo. In: Fuchs C., Fisher E., a cura di, Reconsidering value and labour in the digital age. Basingstoke: Palgarve Macmillan.
  25. Gallingani M.A., Mazzoni M., Nardi L. (2019). Il turismo nella Città metropolitana di Bologna. Bologna. - http://inumeridibolognametropolitana.it/sites/inumeri dibolognametropolitana.it/files/turismo/report_turismo_2018_cm_ed2019.pdf.
  26. Gallino L. (1983). Informatica e qualità del lavoro. Torino: Einaudi.
  27. Gallino L. (2007). Il lavoro non è una merce. Contro la flessibilità. Bari-Roma: Laterza.
  28. Gallino L. (2013). Finanzcapitalismo: la civiltà del denaro in crisi. Torino: Einaudi.
  29. Gallino L. (2014). Vite rinviate: lo scandalo del lavoro precario. Roma: Laterza.
  30. Graham M. (2020). Regulate, replicate, and resist–the conjunctural geographies of platform urbanism. Urban Geography, 41(3): 453-457. DOI: 10.1080/02723638.2020.171702
  31. Gray M.L., Suri S. (2019). Ghost Work. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  32. Holts K., Coates M., Spencer H.N., Huws U. (2019). The platformisation of work in Europe. Highlights from research in 13 European countries. Brussels. -- www.feps-europe.eu/resources/publications/686-the-platformisation-of-work-in-europe.html.
  33. Huws U. (2003). The making of a cybertariat. Virtual work in a real world. London: The Merlin Press.
  34. Huws U. (2014). Labor in the Global Digital Economy. The Cybertariat Comes of Age. New York: Monthly Review Press.
  35. Huws U. (2016). Logged labour: a new paradigm of work organisation? Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation, 10(1): 7-26.
  36. Huws U. (2019). Labour in Contemporary Capitalism - What Next? London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  37. Iannuzzi E.F. (2021). Assemblare le differenze. Il lavoro nell’industria alberghiera veneziana. Milano: Guerini.
  38. Linebaugh P., Rediker M. (2012). The Many-Headed Hydra. The Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic. London: Verso.
  39. Marchi G. (2021). “Working, yet poor”: la povertà tra bassi salari e instabilità lavorativa. Sociologia del lavoro, 161: 54-72.
  40. Marrone M. (2019). Formalizzazione o accumulazione? Digitalizzazione e dipendenza nelle piattaforme di food delivery. Sociologia del lavoro, 154: 97-119. DOI: 10.3280/SL2019-15400
  41. Marrone M. (2021). Rights against the machine!. Milano: Mimesis.
  42. Marrone M., Peterlongo G. (2020). Where platforms meet infrastructures: digital platforms, urban resistance and the ambivalence of the city in the Italian case of Bologna. Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation, 14(1): 119-135.
  43. Mosco V. (2004). The Digital Sublime. Myth, Power, and Cyberspace. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
  44. Noble F.D. (1993). La questione tecnologica. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri.
  45. Pollock F. (1970). Automazione. Conseguenze economiche e sociali. Torino: Einaudi.
  46. Quondamatteo N. (2019). Non per noi ma per tutti. Triese: Asterios.
  47. Sadowski J. (2020). Cyberspace and cityscapes: on the emergence of platform urbanism. Urban Geography, 41(3): 448-452. DOI: 10.1080/02723638.2020.172105
  48. Salento A. (2003). Postfordismo e ideologie giuridiche: nuove forme d’impresa e crisi del diritto del lavoro. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  49. Scholz T., a cura di. (2013). Digital Labor. The Internet as Playground and Factory. New York: Routledge.
  50. Scholz T. (2016). Uberworked and underpaid. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  51. Srnicek N. (2016). Platform capitalism. Cambridge: Polity.
  52. Sundararajan A. (2016). The Sharing economy. The End of Employment and the Rise of Crowd-Based Capitalism. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
  53. Trigilia C. (1986). Grandi partiti e piccole imprese: comunisti e democristiani nelle regioni a economia diffusa. Bologna: il Mulino.
  54. Tubaro P., Le Ludec C., Casilli, A.A. (2020). Counting ‘micro-workers’: Societal and Methodological Challenges around New Forms of Labour. Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation, 14(1): 67-82.
  55. van Dijck J. (2006). The Network Society. London: SAGE.
  56. van Dijck J., Poell T., de Waal M. (2019). Platform Society. Valori pubblici e società connessa. Milano: Guerini.
  57. Vecchi B. (2017). Il capitalismo delle piattaforme. Roma: Manifestolibri.
  58. Woodcock J., Graham M. (2019). The gig economy. A critical introduction. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Giorgio Pirina, Lavoro di piattaforma e indebolimento della società salariale. Il caso del food delivery bolognese in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 163/2022, pp 171-190, DOI: 10.3280/SL2022-163009