This controlled and randomized study tested whether an ultra-short hypnosis-based treatment can be considered effective for patients with Conversion Disorders. Twenty-two patients with Conversion Disorders of different subtypes, were randomly assigned either to our hypnosis-based protocol (12 subjects) or to common psychiatric treatment (11 subjects). All the patients were tested at the beginning (T0) and at 12-mounth follow-up with the following evaluation scales: Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire, Symptom Check List-90, Illness Behaviour Inventory e Disability Scale. The results of our study show that hypnosis-based protocol patients reported meaningful improvement if compared to the baseline while control-patients did not; prominent improvement was found for conversion symptoms as well for other psychopathological aspects like: alexithymia, disturbed behaviour, dissociation, and somatisation. In conclusion, our ultra-short hypnotic-based protocol seems to be an effective treatment for Conversion Disorders; particularly if ‘tailored’ on patient’s features, it seems to reduce treatment’s costs and duration.
Keywords: Brief therapy, Conversion Disorder, hysteria, hypnotherapy.