The present contribution investigates gender differences in psychosocial determinants of condom use in the framework of Theory of Planned Behavior of Fishbein e Ajzen as norms and control perceptions. Two hundred seventy one college students of "Sapienza" University of Rome (60% females) ranging in age between 18 and 41 years (M = 23.5, SD = 3.17) participated to the research. ANOVA and structural equation model results confirmed that the intention of condom use is influenced by many factors, differently among males and females. Results suggested that gender is an important moderator of the relations among the constructs theoretically defined. In this sense, almost in some measure, the form of the model changes in the two groups. As a consequence, it is mandatory to design and implement intervention programs that besides common matrix included also gender specific components.
Keywords: HIV, Condom use, Gender differences, Theory of Planned Behavior
Roberta Fida, Carlo Tramontano, Marinella Paciello, Valentina Cara, Claudio Barbaranelli, HIV Prevention: is it a matter of "gender"? A preliminary study on psychosocial determinants of condom use in a sample of college students in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2013, pp. 137-158, DOI:10.3280/PDS2013-002009