The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata), Afghan refugees and peace in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Journal title FUTURIBILI
Author/s Nicolò Gasparini
Publishing Year 2011 Issue 2011/1-2 Language Italian
Pages 26 P. 36-61 File size 332 KB
DOI 10.3280/FU2011-001004
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The Author analyses a border area which is at once a state division and an ethnic and cultural union. The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) are in Pakistan on its border with Afghanistan. The description highlights their political, legal, economic, productive and commercial characteristics, placing special emphasis on their ethnic unity with the neighbouring part of Afghanistan. The area has always played a key role, but especially since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, which produced a flood of Afghan refugees and the establishment of a series of refugee camps in Pakistan. But above all this area, and its capital Peshawar, became the centre for new Islamic fundamentalist groups which formed around the madrassas and enjoyed the support of powers such as the United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan itself. Having defeated the Soviets and subsequently becoming known as the Taleban, these groups then allied themselves to Al Qaeda and terrorism. The Author’s analysis of relations between the refugees and native Pashtun in the Tribal Areas highlights efforts to induce the three million refugees to return to Afghanistan, in which major roles are played by the United States, political changes in Pakistan, the Ngos and the Unhcr. The analysis also focuses on the tribes’ organisational features, especially the overlapping of jirgas from family to regional level, and the social characteristics of the population. It concludes with a look at the future.

Keywords: Aree tribali pakistane, talebani, campi di rifugiati, Pakistan, ritorno dei Profughi

Nicolò Gasparini, Le Aree tribali amministrate federalmente (Fata), i rifugiati afgani e la pace nell'Afghanistan e nel Pakistan in "FUTURIBILI" 1-2/2011, pp 36-61, DOI: 10.3280/FU2011-001004