Il Pos: artefatti che (dis)organizzano la sicurezza

Author/s Silvia Doria
Publishing Year 2015 Issue 2015/1
Language Italian Pages 24 P. 76-93 File size 229 KB
DOI 10.3280/SO2015-001004
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The paper proposes a reflection on the issue of safety at work through the operational plan of safety (Pos), a textual artefact provided by the legislature as a tool aimed to collect the various measures of prevention and safety to be taken in a specific context of work. Through ethnographic observation of some urban construction sites and the shadowing of site managers, the paper explore the complex, controversial and problematic nature of the POS. This document must respect the PSC (Safety Plan and Coordination) and it has to be translated into the POS and be able to travel to the sites. The research shows a particular critical issue: it’s often written through the practice of "copy and paste". The observation of several critical issues related to POS provides interesting insights about the complex process of translating safety into practice, where workplace safety itself can no longer be considered only as a situation where "the official documents are ok".

Keywords: Safety, everyday working practices, textual artifact, Operational plan of safety, prevention, ethnography

  1. Atkinson, P., Coffey, A., Delamont, S., Lofland, J., Lofland, L. (eds.) (2001), Handbook of Ethnography, London, Sage Publications Ltd. Bruni, A. (2003), Lo studio etnografico delle organizzazioni, Roma, Carocci.
  2. Callon, M. (1980), Struggles and Negotiations to Define What is Problematic and What is not: The Sociology of Translation, in Knorr-Cetina, K., Krohn,
  3. R., Whitley, R. (eds.), The Social Process of Scientific Investigation, Reidel, Boston: 197-219.
  4. Callon, M. (1986), “The sociology of an Actor-Network”, in Callon, M., Law, J., Rip, A. (eds.), Mapping the Dynamic of Science and Technology, London, Macmillan: 19-34.
  5. Callon, M. (1992), “The Dynamics of Techno-Economic Networks”, in Combs, R., Saviotti, P., Walsh, V. (eds.), Technological Change and Company Strategies: Economic and Social Perspectives, London, Academic Press: 72-102.
  6. Catino, M. (2002), Da Chernobyl a Linate: incidenti tecnologici o errori organizzativi?, Roma, Carocci.
  7. Conein, B., Jacopin, E. (1994), “Action situee et cognition: le savoir en place”, Sociologie du travail, 4: 475-500.
  8. Czarniawska, B. (2007), Shadowing, and Other Techniques for Doing Fieldwork in Modern Societies, Copenhagen, Copenhagen Business School Press.
  9. Czarniawska, B., Hernes, T. (eds.) (2005), Actor-Network Theory and Organizing, Sweden, Malmo, Liber & Copenhagen Business School Press.
  10. Czarniawska, B., Joerges, B. (1995), “Venti di cambiamento organizzativo: come le idee si traducono in oggetti e azioni”, in Bacharach, S.B., Gagliardi,
  11. P., Mundell, B. (a cura di), Il pensiero organizzativo europeo, Milano, Guerini e Associati: 213-255.
  12. Doria, S. (2013), “La sicurezza in cantiere: negoziare per costruire”, Studi Organizzativi, 1: 32-55. DOI: 10.3280/SO2013-001002
  13. Doria, S. (2014a), La sicurezza in costruzione. Etnografia di un cantiere: uno sguardo pratico sulla sicurezza sul lavoro, Roma, Carocci.
  14. Doria, S. (2014b), “Sicurezza sul lavoro e regolazione: dalle policy alle regole del gioco situate”, Sociologia del lavoro, 135: 167-181. DOI: 10.3280/SL2014-135010
  15. Engestrom, Y. (1987), Learning by Expanding an Activity-theoretical Approach to Developmental Research, Helsinki, Orienta-Konsultit.
  16. Gherardi, S. (2000), “Practice-based Theorizing on Learning and Knowing in Organizations”, Organization, 7/2: 211-223.
  17. Gherardi, S. (2006), Organizational Knowledge: The Texture of Workplace Learning, Oxford, Blackwell.
  18. Gherardi, S. (2014), “Processi di lavoro intrinsecamente in/sicuri”, in Catino, M., Gherardi, S., Murgia, A., Belle, E. (a cura di), Questioni di in/sicurezza. Un percorso di ricerca su contratti a termine e incidenti sul lavoro in provincia di Trento, Trento, Inail.
  19. Gherardi, S., Nicolini, D., Odella, F. (1997), “Dal rischio alla sicurezza: il contributo sociologico alla costruzione di organizzazioni affidabili”, Quaderni di sociologia, 13: 79-108.
  20. Goodwin, C. (1994), “Professional Vision”, American Anthropologist, 3: 606-633.
  21. Latour, B. (1987), Science in action, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press
  22. Latour, B. (1993), “Dove sono le masse mancanti? Sociologia di alcuni oggetti di uso comune”, Intersezioni, 2: 221-255.
  23. Law, J. (1994), Organizing Modernity, Oxford, Blackwell.
  24. Mellini, B., Talamo, A. (2014), “Uno sguardo nella cassetta degli attrezzi dell’infermiere. Oggetti che organizzano le cure”, in Pipan, T. (a cura di), Presunti colpevoli. Dalle statistiche alla cartella clinica: indagine sugli errori in sanità, Milano, Guerini e Associati.
  25. Mongili, A. (2007), Tecnologia e società, Roma, Carocci.
  26. Nicolini, D. (2001), “Il tessuto interorganizzativo della sicurezza: una visione prossimale”, Studi organizzativi, 2-3: 93-117. DOI: 10.1400/68587
  27. Nicolini, D. (2012), Practice Theory, Work, and Organization. An Introduction, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  28. Polanyi, M. (1958), Personal Knowledge. Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul (trad. it. La conoscenza personale. Verso una filosofia post-critica, Milano, Rusconi, 1990).
  29. Sachs, P. (1993), “Shadows in the Soup: Conceptions of Work and Nature of Evidence”, The Quarterly Newsletter of the Laboratory of Human Cognition, 15: 125-132.
  30. Schutz, A. (1971), Collected Papers, Nijhoff, The Hague (trad. it. Saggi sociologici, Utet, Torino, 1979).
  31. Sclavi, M. (1989), Ad una spanna da terra, Milano, Feltrinelli.
  32. Sennett, R. (2008), L’uomo artigiano, Milano, Feltrinelli.
  33. Silverman, D. (2000), Doing Qualitative Research. A Practical Guide, London, Sage Publications (trad. it. Come fare ricerca qualitativa, Carocci, Roma, 2002).
  34. Star, S.L., Griesemer, J. (1989), “Institutional Ecology, ‘Translations’, and Coherence: Amateurs and Professionals in Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907-1939”, Social Studies of Science, 19: 387-420.
  35. Strati, A. (2000), “Estetica, conoscenza tacita e apprendimento organizzativo”, Studi Organizzativi, 2: 157-177. DOI: 10.1400/68550
  36. Suchman, L. (1987), Plans and Situated Action: The Problem of Humanmachine Communication, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  37. Van Maanen, J. (1988), Tales of the field: On Writing Ethnography, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Silvia Doria, Il Pos: artefatti che (dis)organizzano la sicurezza in "STUDI ORGANIZZATIVI " 1/2015, pp 76-93, DOI: 10.3280/SO2015-001004