Why donate stem cells? A pilot validation of new measures for studying antecedents of stem cell donation intention

Author/s Flavia Bonaiuto, Uberta Ganucci Cancellieri, Silvia Ariccio, Erica Molinario, Luca Pierelli, Marino Bonaiuto
Publishing Year 2020 Issue 2020/2
Language English Pages 35 P. 599-633 File size 369 KB
DOI 10.3280/RIP2020-002007
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Social sciences literature on stem cells one of the most promising research venues in biomedical sciences is fragmented and lacks standard tools. This paper aims at presenting a first pilot validation of some stem cells-relevant social-psychological constructs’ scales and an exploration of variables related bone marrow stem cells and umbilical cord blood stem cells donation intention. Eight scales were created for measuring the following variables: subjective knowledge on stem cells donation; objective knowledge on stem cells donation; attitudes toward stem cells donation; past tissue donation experience; positive incentives toward stem cells donation; negative incentives toward stem cells donation; intention of stem cells donation; importance of stem cells sustainabil-ity. A self-report questionnaire including new scales and existing scales from literature (norms, values, emotions) was administrated to 78 Italian subjects. Fac-torial structures were explored via factorial analyses with Principal Axis Factor-ing, Oblimin rotation and Cronbach’s alpha tests. Two stepwise regression anal-yses were conducted to explore which variables are more related to the two kinds of donation intention. Most scales have been found to have a satisfacto-ry factorial structure and internal consistency (a>.60). Both kinds of donation intention have been found to be associated to self-transcendence values and positive emotions; bone marrow stem cells donation intention is also associated to conservation values, subjective knowledge, and past tissue donation experi-ence. Results are discussed according to current literature and suggesting re-search developments.

Keywords: Altruism, stem cells, donation, donoridentity, social-psychological tools.

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Flavia Bonaiuto, Uberta Ganucci Cancellieri, Silvia Ariccio, Erica Molinario, Luca Pierelli, Marino Bonaiuto, Why donate stem cells? A pilot validation of new measures for studying antecedents of stem cell donation intention in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2/2020, pp 599-633, DOI: 10.3280/RIP2020-002007