Psychiatric care in the public sector in Italy: Laws and politics

Author/s Luigi Benevelli
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2023/2 Language Italian
Pages 18 P. 267-284 File size 103 KB
DOI 10.3280/PU2023-002005
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Over the last sixty years, Italy has witnessed widespread experiences aimed at the construction of public mental health services in the community alternative to psychiatric care in asylums: after the Italian Law n. 180 of 1978 and the closure of psychiatric hospitals, in the National Health Service there are many Community Mental Health Centers within "Health Agencies", that are basically institutions operated under the principles of a private company. The national debate is reviewed, in particular the events of more than forty years of confrontations and relationships between gov-ernments, Parliament, universities, and the National Health Service, on one side, and the anti-institutional movement, on the other. Some dramatic criticalities of the current phase are highlight-ed and proposals are put forward for a possible new beginning.

Keywords: Psychiatry; Mental Health; National Health Service; Politics; University

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Luigi Benevelli, L’assistenza psichiatrica pubblica italiana nelle leggi e nella politica in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 2/2023, pp 267-284, DOI: 10.3280/PU2023-002005