She’s leaving home. Women who "migrate" to the Islamic State

Journal title MONDI MIGRANTI
Author/s Renzo Guolo
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/1 Language Italian
Pages 16 P. 181-196 File size 62 KB
DOI 10.3280/MM2016-001010
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

About 10 percent of European foreign fighters are women. What drives them to "migrate" to the Islamic State? By and large, women share some of the reasons which have prompted their "brothers" to walk the same path: the rejection of the stigma against Muslims in Europe, particularly when xenophobia is identified with Islamophobia by political actors; the belief that the umma, the community of believers, is under the attack of the West and should be defended; the desire to contribute by all means, including the sacrifice of one’s own life, to build a state in which sharia is fully operative; the desire to forge their identity according to the canons of Islamic precepts; the aspiration to fight the jihad. In this experience, however, women will be assigned the traditional role of domestic and family care.

Keywords: Identity, women, Islamic state, religion, radicalization

  1. Aa. Vv. (2014). Sociologie de l’islamophobie. Sociologie, 1, Dossier. Paris: Puf.
  2. Borum R. (2001). Radicalization into violent extremism. A review of social science teorie. Journal of Strategic Security, 4: 7-36; DOI: 10.5038/1944-0472.4.4.1
  3. Byman D., Shapiro J. (2014). Be Afraid. Be a Little Afraid: The Threat of Terrorism from Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq. Policy Paper, 34, Brookings, western-foreign- fighters-in-syria-and-iraq-byman-shapiro/be-afraid--web.pdf.
  4. Bouhdiba A. (1975). La sexualité en islam. Paris: Puf.
  5. Cassut G. (2015). Les femmes européennes musulmanes dans l’ombre du jihad contemporain au Sham: une armée de roses entre soutien visible et invisible à l’utopie jihadiste dans une conception féminine du fard al ayn,Thèse de doctorat. Paris: Ehess – Cadis.
  6. Cesari J. (2013). L'islam à l'épreuve de l'Occident. Paris: La Decouverte.
  7. Crenshaw M. (2001). Terrorism. In: Smelser N.J., Baltes P.B., cit.: 15604-15606. Dalgaard-Nielsen A. (2010). Violent Radicalization in Europe: What We Know
  8. and What We Do Not Know. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33, 9: 797-81; DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2010.501423
  9. De Maglie C., Seminara S. (2007b). Terrorismo internazionale e diritto penale. Cedam: Padova.
  10. Devji F.( 2008). The Terrorist in Search of Humanity: Militant islam and Global Politics. Columbia University Press, New York.
  11. Egerton F. (2011). Jihad in the West: The Rise of Militant Salafism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2013.795417
  12. Fine G.A, Holyfield L. (1996). Secrecy, Trust, and dangerous leisure: Generating Group Cohesion in Voluntary Organization. Social Psycology Quarterly, 59, 1: 22-38.
  13. Fouad Allam K. ( 2015). Il jihadista della porta accanto. Milano: Piemme.
  14. Gambetta D., ed. (2006). Making Sense of Suicidal Mission. Oxford: Oxford UP.
  15. Geertz C. (1973). Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic.
  16. Guolo R. (2015). L'ultima utopia. Gli jihadisti europei. Milano: Guerini-Associati.
  17. Guolo R. (2007a). L’Islam e' compatibile con la democrazia?. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  18. Guolo R. (2007b). Jihad e “violenza sacra”. In: De Maglie C., Seminara S., cit.: 1-37.
  19. Guolo R. (2004). Il partito di Dio. L'islam radicale contro l'Occidente. Milano: Guerini e Associati.
  20. Guolo R. (2002). Il fondamentalismo islamico. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  21. Guidère M. (2014). Sexe et chari. Paris: Edition du Rocher.
  22. Hegghamer T. (2011). The Rise of Muslims Foreign Fighters: Islam and Globalization of Jihad. International Security, 35, 3: 53-94.
  23. Hegghamer T. (2013). Should I Stay or Should I Go? Explaining Variation in Western Jihadists' Choice between Domestic and Foreign Fighting. American Political Science Review, pp. 1-15 Should_I_stay_or_should_I_go.pdf.
  24. Hoffman B. (2006). Inside Terrorism. New York: Columbia.
  25. Hoyle C., Bradford A. Frenet R ( 2015), Becoming Mulan?, Female Western Migrants to Isis, Report, Institute of Strategic dialogue, www.strategic dialogue. org.
  26. Kepel G. (2008). Terreur et martyre: Paris: Flammarion.
  27. Kepel G. (2004). Fitna. Paris: Gallimard.
  28. Kepel G. (2000). Jihad. Paris: Gallimard.
  29. Khorsokhavar F. (2014). Radicalisation. Paris: Maison des Sciences de l’Homme.
  30. Khorsokhavar F. (2006). Quand Al Qaida parl. Paris: Grasset.
  31. Khorsokhavar F. (2002). Les nouveaux martyrs d'Allah. Paris: Flammarion.
  32. Khorsokhavar F. (1997). L'islam des jeunes. Paris: Flammarion.
  33. Lahoud N. (2010). The Jihadis' Path to Self-Desruction. New York: Columbia UP.
  34. Leiken R. (2012). Europe's Angry Muslims. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  35. Lohker R., ed. (2012). New Approaches to the Analysis of Jihadism: Online and Offline. Wien University Press: Wien.and Political Violence. Lombardi M. (2015). Violent Concerns in the Euro-Mediterranean Region. In: Lombardi M., Ragab E., Chin V., Dandurand Y., De Divitiis V., Burato A., eds., cit.: 83- 100.
  36. Lombardi M., Ragab E., Chin V., Dandurand Y., De Divitiis V., Burato A., eds.
  37. (2015). Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism. Amsterdam: Ios.
  38. Luizard P.J. (2015). Le piège Daech. Paris: La Découverte.
  39. Maher S. , Neumann P. (2014). Foreign fighters. King’s College London: Data Base, Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence.
  40. Mannheim K. (1936). Ideology and Utopia. London: Routledge.
  41. Mannheim K. (1952). The Problem of Generations, in Essay on the Sociology of Knowledege. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  42. Marone F. (2013). La politica del terrorismo suicida. Rubettino: Soveria Mannelli.
  43. Marone F. (2014). L'organizzazione del segreto nei gruppi terroristici. Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 2: 303-334.
  44. Mc Cauley C., Moskalenko S. (2011). Friction: How Radicalization Happens to Them and Us, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  45. Meijer R. (2009). Global Salafism: Islam's New Religious Movement. New York: Roel Meijer Edition/ Columbia University Press.
  46. Merari A. (2010). Driven to Death: Psycologichal and Social Aspects of Suicide Terrorism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  47. Nesser P., Stenersen A. (2014). The Modus Operandi of Jihadi Terrorists in Europe. Perspectives on Terrorism, 6: 2-14.
  48. Neumann P. (2015). Foreign fighter total in Syria/Iraq now exceeds 20,000; surpasses Afghanistan conflict in the 1980s, in
  49. Pace E. (2004a). Sociologia dell'islam. Roma: Carocci.
  50. Pace E. (2004 b). Perché le religioni scendono in guerra. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  51. Pace E., Guolo R. (2002). I fondamentalismi. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  52. Pedazhur A. (2005). Suicide Terrorism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  53. Rabasa A., Bernard C. (2014). Eurojihad: Patterns of Islamist radicalization and Terrorisme in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  54. Roy O. (2014). En quête de l’Orient perdu, entretiens avec Jean-Louis Schlegel. Paris: Seuil.
  55. Roy O. (2012). La sainte ignorance.Le temps de la religion sans culture. Paris: Seuil.
  56. Roy O. (2002). L'islam mondialise'. Paris: Seuil.
  57. Roy O. (1992). L'echec de l'islam politique. Paris: Seuil.
  58. Sageman M. (2008). Leaderless Jihad. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.
  59. Sedgwich M. (2010). The Concept of Radicalization as a Source of Confusion. Terrorism and Political Violence. 22, 4: 479-494; DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2010.491009
  60. Sciolla L. (2010). L'identità a più dimensioni. Il soggetto e la trasformazione dei legami sociali. Roma: Ediesse. Shils E. (1968). The Concept and Function of Ideology. International Encyclopedia of the Social Science, VII: 66-76.
  61. Serafini M. (2015). Maria Giulia che divenne Fatima. Rcs-Milano: Corriere della Sera-Rizzoli.
  62. Smelser N.J., Baltes P.B. (2001). International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 23. Oxford: Elsevier.
  63. Soufan Group (2014). Foreign Fighters in Syria, in -Fighters-in-Syria.pdf.
  64. Thomson D. (2014). Les francais jihadistes. Paris: Les Arenas.
  65. Tosini D. (2012). Martiri che uccidono. Bologna: il Mulino.
  66. Weinberger L., Pedhazur A., Hirsch-Hoefler S. (2004). The Challenge of Conceptualizing Terrorism. Terrorism and Political Violence, 16, 4: 777-794.
  67. Wilner A., Dubouloz C.J. (2010). Homegrown terrorism and transformative learning: an interdisciplinary approach to undestanding radicalization. Global Change, Peace and Security, 22, I: 33-51.
  68. Winter C., ed. and tr., (2015). Women of the Islamic State. A manifesto on women by the Al Khanssaa Brigade. Quilliam, www.

Renzo Guolo, She’s leaving home. Donne europee che "migrano" nello stato islamico in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2016, pp 181-196, DOI: 10.3280/MM2016-001010