La leçon des atomes. L’influence lucrétienne chez diderot

Author/s Alain Gigandet
Publishing Year 2012 Issue 2012/2
Language Italian Pages 14 P. 253-266 File size 489 KB
DOI 10.3280/SF2012-002004
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The lesson of atoms. Lucretius’ influence in Diderot. Diderot appreciated Lucretius’ poem, which was for him an early introduction to the philosophy of the ancient atomists. He probably intended the Rêve de d’Alembert, which posits the most daring hypotheses of his own philosophy of nature, to be a modern De rerum natura. However, the influence of Lucretius on the Encyclopedist appears to be complex. If Diderot clearly contradicts certain atomist theses, notably as they concern the origin of living beings, this is doubtless due to his fidelity to a profound Epicurean principle - that of the complete autonomy of natural forces - which, in his opinion, needs to be defended on new grounds. Beyond its literal statements, one can thus follow in the Rêve the principal intelligible frameworks characteristic of the De rerum natura, as well as a poetic mode of writing inspired by Lucretius and intended to arouse the speculative imagination. Mots-clé: Diderot, Lucrèce, épicurisme, atomisme, matière, philosophie naturelle, sensibilité, transformisme

Alain Gigandet, La leçon des atomes. L’influence lucrétienne chez diderot in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 2/2012, pp 253-266, DOI: 10.3280/SF2012-002004