Volti, neuroni e mascherine

Author/s Giorgio Vallortigara
Publishing Year 2020 Issue 2020/33 Language Italian
Pages 10 P. 102-111 File size 295 KB
DOI 10.3280/EDS2020-033011
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Faces, neurons and face masks. The forced use of the face masks following the Covid-19 pandemic led to a generalized visual experience of partial occlusion of the faces. The event is used here as an excuse to discuss the brain mechanisms that govern the perceptual comple-tion of partially occluded objects, the recognition of faces and their phylogenetic and ontogenetic origins.

Keywords: Amodal completion, face recognition, face neurons, inferotemporal cortex.

  1. Bregman A.S. (1990). Auditory Scene Analysis: The Perceptual Organization of Sound. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  2. Buiatti M., Di Giorgio E., Piazza M., Polloni C., Menna G., Taddei F., Baldo E., Vallortigara G. (2019). A cortical route for face-like pattern processing in human newborns. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 116: 4625-4630.
  3. Di Giorgio E., Lunghi M., Simion F., Vallortigara G. (2016). Visual cues of motion that trigger animacy perception at birth: the case of self-propulsion. Developmental Science, online: 21 Feb.
  4. Di Giorgio E., Loveland J.L., Mayer U., Rosa-Salva O., Versace E., Vallortigara G. (2017). Filial responses as predisposed and learned preferences: Early attachment in chicks and babies. Behavioural Brain Research, 325: 90-104.
  5. Di Giorgio E., Frasnelli E., Rosa Salva O., Scattoni M.L., Puopolo M., Tosoni D., Simion F., Vallortigara G. (2016). Difference in Visual Social Predispositions Between Newborns at Low- and High-risk for Autism. Scientific Reports, 6: 26395.
  6. Gross C.G. (2002). Genealogy of the “Grandmother Cell”. Neuroscientist, 8: 512-518.
  7. Kanizsa G. (1979). Organization in vision. New York: Praeger. Italian edition entitled Grammatica del vedere [Grammar of vision]. Bologna: il Mulino, 1980.
  8. Kobatake E., Tanaka K. (1994). Neuronal selectivities to complex object features in the ventral visual pathway of the macaque cerebral cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 71: 856-67.
  9. Lorenzi E., Vallortigara G. (2020). Evolutionary and Neural Bases of the Sense of Animacy. In: Kaufman A., Call J., Kaufman J., Eds., The Cambridge Handbook of Animal Cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press, in press.
  10. Lorenzi E., Mayer U., Rosa-Salva O., Vallortigara G. (2017). Dynamic features of animate motion activate septal and preoptic areas in visually naïve chicks (Gallus gallus). Neuroscience, 354: 54-68.
  11. Mayer U., Rosa-Salva O., Loveland J.L., Vallortigara G. (2019). Selective response of the nucleus taeniae of the amygdala to a naturalistic social stimulus in visually naive domestic chicks. Scientific Reports, 9: 9849.
  12. Michotte A. (1946). La perception de la causalité. Paris: Vrin.
  13. Nakayama K., Shimojo S., Silverman G.H. (1989). Stereoscopic depth: its relation to image segmentation, grouping, and the recognition of occluded surfaces. Perception, 18: 55-68.
  14. Quiroga Q.R. (2018). Borges e la memoria. Viaggio nel cervello umano da Funes al neurone Jennifer Aniston. Trento: Erickson.
  15. Quiroga Q.R. (2020). Searching for the neural correlates of human intelligence. Current Biology, 30: R329-R339.
  16. Rosa-Salva O., Regolin L., Vallortigara G. (2010). Faces are special for chicks: Evidence for inborn domain-specific mechanisms underlying spontaneous preferences for face-like stimuli. Developmental Science, 13: 565-577.
  17. Rosa-Salva O., Grassi M., Lorenzi E., Regolin L. Vallortigara G. (2016). Spontaneous preference for visual cues of animacy in naïve domestic chicks: the case of speed changes. Cognition, Dec., 157: 49-60.
  18. Rosa-Salva O., Hernik M., Broseghini A., Vallortigara G. (2018). Visually-naïve chicks prefer agents that move as if constrained by a bilateral body-plan. Cognition, 173: 106-114.
  19. Rosa-Salva O., Di Giorgio E., Vallortigara G. (2017). Con gli occhi di un neonato. Le Scienze, Febbraio. (Italian edition of Scientific American; German translation in: Gehirn & Geist (Spektrum der Wissenshaft) Gespur fur Lebendiges (2017), 12: 68-73. Spanish translation: (2017). Con ojos de neonato. Mente & Cerebro, Julio/Agosto, 85: 52-58).
  20. Vallortigara G. (2012). Aristotle and the chicken: Animacy and the origins of beliefs. In: Fasolo A., a cura di, The Theory of Evolution and its Impact. New York: Springer, pp. 189-200.
  21. Vallortigara G., Regolin L., Marconato F. (2005). Visually inexperienced chicks exhibit a spontaneous preference for biological motion patterns. PLoS Biology, 3(7): 1312-1316 (e208).
  22. Versace E., Martinho-Truswel A., Kacelnik A., Vallortigara G. (2018). Priors in animal and artificial intelligence: Where does learning begin? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22: 963-965.

Giorgio Vallortigara, Volti, neuroni e mascherine in "EDUCAZIONE SENTIMENTALE" 33/2020, pp 102-111, DOI: 10.3280/EDS2020-033011