Commensality as citizenship. An Ethnographic Journey through Food and Migration

Journal title MONDI MIGRANTI
Author/s Franca Bimbi, Paolo Gusmeroli
Publishing Year 2021 Issue 2021/2
Language English Pages 28 P. 27-54 File size 305 KB
DOI 10.3280/MM2021-002002
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

This introduction to the special issue Food, Migration, Passages. Foodways which are brought and met, outlines encounters and misunderstandings between Migra-tion Studies and Food Studies. Focusing on the ambivalent power relations in both doing and writing ethnographies, we discuss the increasing concern for the analysis of the way in which material and cultural dimensions in food practices intertwine. The metaphor and reality of migrants’ "food suitcase", and the journey it makes, is used to consider analogies between commensality/conviviality in food dynamics and citizenship processes. The individual and collective acts of commensali-ty/conviviality define boundaries through secular rituals and normative require-ments, in the same way as citizenship policies define territorial and legal borders limit the inclusion of migrants. Food that circulates, in the next six articles, mirrors the inequalities and interdependencies of the subjects involved, as well as their dif-ferent possibilities of agency

Keywords: cibo nelle migrazioni; etnografia come pratica sociale; capitali cul-turali e abitudini alimentari; commensalità e ostipitalità.

  1. Ahmed S., Castañeda C., Fortier A-M., and Sheller, M., eds. (2003). Uprootings / Regroundings. Questions of Home and Migration. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
  2. Ambrosini M., Cinalli M., and Jacobson D., eds. (2020). Migration, Borders and Citizenship. Between Policy and Public Spheres. Basingstoke: Palgrave and Macmillan.
  3. Amelina A., Horvath K. (2020). Regimes of Intersection: Facing the Manifold Interplays of Discourses, Institutions, and Inequalities in the Regulation of Migration. Migration Letters, 17, 4: 487-497;
  4. Amin A. (2012). Land of Strangers. Cambridge U.K.: Polity Press.
  5. Anderson B. (2019). New directions in migration studies: towards methodological de-nationalism. Comparative Migration Studies, 7, 1;
  6. Apitzsch C., and Inowlocki L. (2000). Biographical analysis: a “German” School? In: Chamberlayne P., Bornat J., and Wengraf T., eds. The Turn to Biographical Methods in Social Science. Comparative Issues and Examples. London: Routledge.
  7. Aterianus-Owanga A., and Musso S. (2017). Introduction. Anthropologie et migrations: mise en perspective. Lectures anthropologiques, 3 (online), published: 29 December 2017; --
  8. Atkinson W.J. (2021). The structure of Food Taste in 21st Century Britain. British Journal of Sociology. First published: 11 June 2021 (online); DOI: 10.1111/1468-4446.12876
  9. Avakian A.V., and Haber B. (2005). From Betty Crocker to Feminist Food Studies: Critical Perspectives on Women and Food. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.
  10. Bailey A. (2016). The migrant suitcase: Food, belonging and commensality among Indian migrants in The Netherlands. Appetite, 110: 51-60;
  11. Baldassar L., and Gabaccia D., eds. (2010). Intimacy and Italian Migration: Gender and Domestic Lives in a Mobile World. New York: Fordham University Press.
  12. Barou J., and Verhoeven M. (1997). Alimentation et rôles familiaux: La cuisine familiale des immigrés africains. Ethnologie française, 27, 1: 96-102; --
  13. Barthes R. (1961). Pour une psycho-sociologie de l'alimentation contemporaine. Annales. Economies, sociétés, civilisations, 16, 5: 977-986 ; DOI: 10.3406/ahess.1961.420772.
  14. Belasco W. (1987). Appetite for Change. How the Counterculture Took On the Food Industry. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  15. Bernstein H. (2016). Agrarian political economy and modern world capitalism: the contributions of food regime analysis, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 43, 3: 611-647; DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2015.1101456
  16. Bertaux D., and Kohli M. (1984). The Life Story Approach: A Continental View. Annual Review of Sociology, 10: 215-237; --
  17. Boccagni P., and Schrooten M. (2018). Participant Observation in Migration Studies: An Overview and Some Emerging Issues. In: Zapata-Barrero R., and Yalaz E., eds., Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  18. Bonizzoni P. (2020). The Border(s) Within: Formal and Informal Processes of Status Production, Negotiation and Contestation in a Migratyory Context. In: Ambrosini M., Cinalli M., and Jacobson D., eds., Migration, Borders and Citizenship. Between Policy and Public Spheres. Basingstoke: Palgrave and Macmillan.
  19. Bourdieu P. (2003). Participant Objectivation. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 9, 2: 281-294; DOI: 10.1111/1467-9655.00150
  20. Bourdieu P. (1993). La misère du monde. Paris: Seuil.
  21. Acharya A.K., and Patel S. (2021). Vulnerabilities of internal returnee migrants in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic in India. Dve domovini (Two Homelands), 54: 31-46;
  22. Abbots E-J., and Lavis A., eds. (2013). Why We Eat, How We Eat Contemporary Encounters between Foods and Bodies. Aldershot: Ashgate.
  23. Abbatecola E., and Bimbi F. (2013). Introduzione. Engendering migrations. Mondi Migranti, 3: 31-47; DOI: 10.3280/MM2013-003002
  24. Abbots, E-J. (2017). The Agency of Eating. Mediation, Food and the Body. London: Bloomsbury.
  25. Bourdieu P. (1982). Les rites comme actes d'institution. Actes de la Recherche en Science Sociales, 43: 58-63 ;
  26. Bourdieu P. (1980). Le Sens pratique. Paris: Les Editions de Minuit.
  27. Bourdieu P. (1979). La distinction. Critique social du jugement. Paris: Minuit.
  28. Boyd Orr J. (1936). Food, Health and Income. London: Mcmillan.
  29. Boyd Orr J., Lubbock D. (1953). The white man’s dilemma. London:Unwin Books.
  30. Brulotte R.L., and Di Giovine M.A., eds. (2014). Edible Identities: Food as Cultural Heritage. Burlingtone: Ashgate.
  31. Burawoy M., Blum J.A., George S., Gille Z., and Thayer M., eds. (2000). Global Ethnography. Forces, Connections, and Imaginations in a Postmodern World. Berkley: University of California Press.
  32. Calvo M. (1982). Migration et alimentation. Information sur le Sciences Sociales, 21, 3: 383-446; DOI: 10.1177/053901882021003003
  33. Capatti A., and Montanari M. (2003). Italian Cuisine. A Cultural History. New York: Columbia University press.
  34. Cappellini B., and Parsons E. (2014). Constructing the Culinary Consumer: Transformative and Reflective Processes in Italian Cookbooks. Consumption Markets and Culture, 17, 1:1-29; DOI: 10.1080/10253866.2012.701893
  35. Carney M.A. (2014). “You Want to Feed Your Family, Don’t You?” Exploring the Consequences of Economic Crisis for Everyday Food Practices in Immigrant Communities. Gender, Sexuality & Feminism, 1, 2: 5-23;
  36. Carney M.A., and Krause K.C. (2020). Immigration/migration and healthy publics: the threat of food insecurity. Palgrave Commun, 6, 93: 1-12;
  37. Cinotto S. (2013). The Italian American Table: Food, Family, and Community in New York City. Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
  38. Clifford J., and Marcus G.E., eds. (1992). Writing Culture. The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  39. Cook I., and Harrison M. (2003). Cross over Food: Re-Materializing Postcolonial Geographies. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 28, 3: 296-317; --
  40. Counihan M.C. (2009). A Tortilla Is Like Life: Food and Culture in the San Luis Valley of Colorado. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  41. Counihan M.C., and Siniscalchi V., eds. (2014). Food Activism: Agency, Democracy and Economy. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
  42. Counihan M.C., and Kaplan S.L. (1998). Food and Gender. Identity and Power. London: Routledge.
  43. Corbeau J. (1992). Rituels Alimentaires et Mutations Sociales. Cahiers Internationaux De Sociologie, 92: 101-120. --
  44. Crenn C., Hassoun J-P., and Medina X.F. (2010). Introduction: Repenser et réimaginer l’acte alimentaire en situations de migration. Anthropology of food, 7;
  45. de Certeau M. (1984). The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  46. Delcroix C., and Pape E. (2010). Conducting field research abroad: a socio-anthropological approach. Journal for Qualitative Research (ZQF: Zeitschrift für Qualitative Sozialforschung), 11, 2: 265-278.
  47. Della Puppa F., and Segalla S. (2018). “Come a casa mia”: pratiche alimentari, intersezioni identitarie e attraversamenti urbani nell’esperienza dell’immigrazione». Quaderni di Sociologia, 76: 127-145 ;
  48. Derrida J. (1992). “Il faut bien manger” ou le calcul du sujet. In: Derrida J., Points de suspension. Entretiens. Paris: Galilée.
  49. DeSalvo L., and Giunta E. (2002). The Milk of Almonds: Italian American Women Writers on Food and Culture. New York: Feminist.
  50. Diner H.R. (2001). Hungering for America. Italian, Irish and Jewish Foodways in the Age of Migration. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  51. Douglas M. (1972). Deciphering a Meal. Daedalus, 101, 1: 61-81; --
  52. Epp M. (2015). Eating Across Borders: Reading Immigrant Cookbooks. Histoire sociale/Social history, 48, 96: 45-65;
  53. Fedyuk O., and Zentai V. (2018) Interview. In: Zapata-Barrero R., and Yalaz E., eds., Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  54. Fischler C. (2011). Commensality, society and culture. Social Science Information, 50. 3-4: 528-548; DOI: 10.1177/0539018411413963
  55. Fogg Meade E. (1907). The Italian on the Land: A Study in Immigration. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor, 70, 14: 473-533. Reprinted in 1992 as The Italian on the Land: A Study in Immigration. Immigrations into the South. Hammonton, NJ: Hammonton Historical Society.
  56. Gabaccia D.R. (1998). We Are What We Eat. Ethnic Foods and the Making of Americans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  57. García M.E. (2013). The Taste of Conquest: Colonialism, Cosmopolitics, and the Dark Side of Peru’s Gastronomic Boom. The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology, 18, 3: 505-524; DOI: 10.1111/JLCA.12044
  58. Giliberti L., and Queirolo Palmas L. (2020). Solidarities in Transit on the FrenchItalian Border: Ethnographic Accounts from Ventimiglia and the Roya Valley. In: Ambrosini M., Cinalli M., and Jacobson D., eds., Migration, Borders and Citizenship. Between Policy and Public Spheres. Basingstoke: Palgrave and Macmillan.
  59. Goler Solecki S. (2014). A Tale of Two Cheeses: Parmesan, Cheddar, and the Politics of Generic Geographical Indications (GGIs). Ph.D. Thesis in BA of Arts, Colorado State University.
  60. Goodson I. (2016). The story of life story. In: Goodson I., Antikainen A., Sikes P. and Andrews M., eds., The Routledge International Handbook on Narrative and Life History. London: Routledge.
  61. Grillo R., and Mazzucato V. (2008). Africa < > Europe: A Double Engagement. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34, 2: 175-198; DOI: 10.1080/13691830701823830
  62. Grosfoguel R., Oso L., and Christou A. (2015). “Racism”, intersectionality and migration studies: framing some theoretical reflections. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 22, 6: 635-652; DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2014.950974
  63. Guhlich A. (2017). Migration and Social Pathways. Biographies of Highly Educated People Moving East-West-East in Europe. Opladen: Verlag Barbara Budrich.
  64. Gutiérrez Rodríguez E., and Tate S.A., eds. (2015). Creolizing Europe. Legacies and Transformations. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
  65. Hage G. (2010). Migration, Food, Memory, and Home-Building. In: Radstone S., and Schwarz B., eds., Memory: Histories, Theories, Debates. New York: Fordham University Press.
  66. Hall S., and Du Gay P., eds. (1996). Questions of cultural identity. London: Sage.
  67. Highfield J.B. (2017). Food and Foodways in African Narratives. Community, Culture, and Heritage. New York and London: Routledge.
  68. Hill Collins P. (2019). Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory. Durham, London: Duke University Press.
  69. Ho J. (2021). Anti-Asian racism, Black Lives Matter, and COVID-19. Japan Forum, 33, 1: 148-159, DOI: 10.1080/09555803.2020.1821749
  70. Huang J., and Liu R. (2020). Xenophobia in America in the Age of Coronavirus and Beyond. J Vasc Interv Radiol, 31, 7: 1187-1188;
  71. Jackson A., ed. (1987). Anthropology at home. London and New York: Tavistock.
  72. Jansen Y. (2013). The liberal sociology of assimilation and citizenship and its transnationalist alternatives. In: Secularism, Assimilation and the Crisis of Multiculturalism: French Modernist Legacies. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press;
  73. Joffe F.N. (1943). Food Habits of selected subcultures in the United States. The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941–1943: 1-5. National Research Council (US) Committee on Food Habits. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); --
  74. Keys A. (1993). The inception and pylot surveys. In: Kromhout D., Menotti A., and Blackburn H., eds., The Seven Countries Study. A Scientific adventure in cardiovascular disease epidemiology. Utrecht: Brouwer Offset.
  75. King R. (2020). On migration, geography, and epistemic communities. Comparative Migration Studies, 8, 35;
  76. King R. (2012). Geography and Migration Studies: Retrospect and Prospect. Population, Space and Place, 18, 2: 134-153;
  77. King M.T., Fu J-C., Brown M., and Santacaterina M. (2021). Rumor, Chinese Diets, and COVID-19: Questions and Answers about Chinese Food and Eating Habits. Gastronomica, 21, 1: 77-82;
  78. King R., Connell P., and White P., eds. (1995). Writing across worlds: literature and migration. London and New York: Routledge.
  79. Kofman E. (2020). Unequal internationalisation and the emergence of a new epistemic community: gender and migration. Comparative Migration Studies, 8, 36;
  80. Komarnisky S.V. (2009). Suitcases full of mole: traveling food and the connections between Mexico and Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology, 7, 1: 41-56.
  81. Kunz S. (2020). Expatriate, migrant? The social life of migration categories and the polyvalent mobility of race. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 46, 11: 2145-2162; DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2019.1584525
  82. Lecadet C. (2010). “Itinéraires de la faim” des migrants subsahariens expulsés d’Algérie au Mali: du rationnement carcéral à l’organisation de la survie. Anthropology of Food (Anthropology of Food), 7;
  83. Lepiller O., and Poulain J.P. (2015). 50 ans de dialogue entre sciences humaines et sociales et sciences de la nutrition. Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique, 50, 6, 1: 6S75-6S84; DOI: 10.1016/S0007-9960(15)30022-5
  84. Levenstein H. (1985). The American response to Italian food, 1880-1930. Food and Foodways, 1, 1-2: 1-23; DOI: 10.1080/07409710.1985.9961875
  85. Levy N., Pisarevskaya A., and Scholten P. (2020). Between fragmentation and institutionalisation: the rise of migration studies as a research field. Comparative Migration Studies, 8, 24;
  86. Lewin K. (1943). Forces behind food habits and methods of change. The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943: 1-23. National Research Council (US). Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); --
  87. Lin H.M., Pang, C.L., and Liao, DC. (2020). Home food making, belonging, and identity negotiation in Belgian Taiwanese immigrant women’s everyday food practices. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 7, 29;
  88. Lopata Znaniecka H. (1995). The Life Course of a Sociologist. In: Goetting A., Fenstermaker S., eds., Individual Voices, Collective Vision. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  89. Wacquant L. (2004). Following Bourdieu into the Field. Ethnography, 5, 4: 387-414; DOI: 10.1177/1466138104052259
  90. Lynn-Ee Ho E., and Maddrell A. (2021). Intolerable intersectional burdens: a COVID-19 research agenda for social and cultural geographies. Social & Cultural Geography, 22, 1: 1-10; DOI: 10.1080/14649365.2020.1837215.
  91. Mares T. (2012). Tracing immigrant identity through the plate and the palate. Latino Studies, 10: 334-354;
  92. Marovelli B. (2019). Cooking and eating together in London: Food sharing initiatives as collective spaces of encounter. Geoforum, 99: 190-201;
  93. Marte L. (2012). Dominican Migrant Cooking: Food Struggles, Gendered Labor, and Memory-Work in New York City. Food and Foodways, 20, 3-4: 279-306; DOI: 10.1080/07409710.2012.715967
  94. McIntosh A.W., and Zei M. (1989). Women as gatekeepers of food consumption: A sociological critique. Food and Foodways, 3, 4: 317-332; DOI: 10.1080/07409710.1989.9961959
  95. Mead M. (1944). Food as a Basis for International Co-Operation. Africa, 14, 5: 258-264; DOI: 10.2307/1157056
  96. Mead M. (1943a). The Factor of Food Habits. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 225: 136-141.
  97. Mead M. (1943b). Food and Feeding in Occupied Territory. The Public Opinion Quarterly, 7, 4: 618-628.
  98. Mintz S.W., and Du Bois C. (2002). The Anthropology of Food and Eating. Annual Review of Anthropology, 31: 99-119;
  99. Miranda A. (2019). Ethnographie en migration, ethnographie des migrations. e-Migrinter, 18;
  100. Morasso S.G., and Zittoun T. (2014). The trajectory of food as a symbolic resource for international migrants. Outlines: Critical Practice Studies, 15, 1: 28-48.
  101. Morawska E. (2008). Research on Immigration/Ethnicity in Europe and the United States: A Comparison. The Sociological Quarterly, 49, 3: 465-482;
  102. Moro E. (2014). La dieta mediterranea. Mito e storia di uno stile di vita. Bologna: il Mulino.
  103. Murcott A. (1998). The Nation's Diet. The Social Science of Food Choice. London: Routledge.
  104. Muscio G. (2018). Napoli/New York/Hollywood: Film between Italy and the United States. New York: Fordham University Press.
  105. Nelson R. (2021). Prioritize care for a more resilient future. Nature Human Behaviour, 5: 295;
  106. Nestle M. (2020). A call for food system change. Lancet 395, 10238: 1685-1686; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31146-6
  107. Nyman J. (2016). Culinary Border Crossings in Autobiographical Writing: The British Asian Case. In: Goodson I., Antikainen A., Sikes, P., and Andrews M., eds., The Routledge International Handbook on Narrative and Life History. London: Routledge.
  108. Oakley A. (1974). The Sociology of housework. New York: Pantheon Book/Random House.
  109. O’Brien G.V. (2003). Indigestible Food, Conquering Hordes, and Waste Materials: Metaphors of Immigrants and the Early Immigration Restriction Debate in the United States. Metaphor and Symbol, 18, 1: 33-47; DOI: 10.1207/S15327868MS1801_3
  110. Pahl K., and Rowsell J. (2010). Artifactual Literacies: Every Object Tells a Story. New York: Teachers College Press.
  111. Parkhurst Ferguson P., and Zukin, S. (1995). What’s cooking? Theory and Society, 24, 2: 193-199; DOI: 10.1007/BF00993396
  112. Pereira L., and Drimie S. (2020). Food System Transformation: Integrating a Political-Economy and Social-Ecological Approach to Regime Shifts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 4:1-20;
  113. Petrini C. (2005). Buono, pulito e giusto. Principî di nuova gastronomia. Torino: Einaudi.
  114. Pisarevskaya A., Levy N., Scholten P., and Jansen, J. (2020). Mapping migration studies: An empirical analysis of the coming of age of a research field. Migration Studies, 8, 3: 455-481;
  115. Poe T.N. (1999). The Origins of Soul Food in Black Urban Identity: Chicago, 1915-1947. American Studies International, 37, 1: 4-33; --
  116. Probyn E. (2017). Queer Fish: Eating Ethnic Affect. In: Erni J., edited by, Visuality, Emotions and Minority Culture. The Humanities in Asia, vol 3. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
  117. Quiminal C. (2009). Entreprendre une anthropologie des migrations: retour sur un terrain. Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales, 25, 3: 115-132;
  118. Redman A.L. (2019). Varying food practices among three low-income groups in the Northeastern United States: Rural, homeless & refugee. Journal of Sociology of Agriculture & Food, 25, 2: 138-151;
  119. Revelli N. (1985). L'anello forte. La donna: storie di vita contadina. Torino: Einaudi.
  120. Revelli N. (1977). Il mondo dei vinti. Testimonianze di vita contadina. Torino: Einaudi.
  121. Rooke A. (2016). Collaborative Sociological Practice: the Case of Nine Urban Biotopes. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, 29, 3: 327-340;
  122. Sanderson Bellamy A., Furness E., Nicol P. et al. (2021). Shaping more resilient and just food systems: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Ambio, 50: 782-793;
  123. Saint-Blancat C., Rhazzali K., and Bevilacqua P. (2008). Il cibo come contaminazione: tra diffidenza e attrazione. Interazioni nei kebab padovani e trevigiani. In: Neresini F., Rettore V., eds., Cibo, cultura, identità. Roma: Carocci.
  124. Sassatelli R., ed. (2019). Italians and Food. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  125. Schneider A., and Ingram H.M., eds. (2005). Deserving and Entitled: Social Constructions and Public Policy. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  126. Seale C., Gobo G., Gubrium J.F., and Silverman, D., eds. (2016). Qualitative research practice. SAGE Publications.
  127. Silva E., and Warde A., eds. (2010). Cultural analysis and Bourdieu's legacy: settling accounts and developing alternatives. London: Routledge
  128. Soler N.P., and Abarca M.E. (2013). Rethinking Chicana/o Literature through Food. Postnational Appetites. Basingstoke: Palgrave and Macmillan.
  129. Spalter-Roth R. (2016). Three Sisters from the Outer Boroughs: Class, Reproduction, and Food in the Early 1940s through the Mid-1950s. Gender and Food: From Production to Consumption and After (Advances in Gender Research), 22: 25-39; DOI: 10.1108/S1529-212620160000022011
  130. Spang R.L. (1987). The cultural habits of a food committee. Food and Foodways, 2, 1: 359-391; DOI: 10.1080/07409710.1987.9961927
  131. Storato G. (2017). Bambine e bambini tra bigoli della nonna e pizza al curry. Narrazioni e racconti sul cibo a scuola. Archivio Antropologico Mediterraneo, 19, 1: 59-64; DOI: 10.7432/AAM190109.
  132. Thomas W.I. (1923). The Unadjusted Girl. With cases and standpoint for behavior analysis. Boston, Mass.: Little Brown and Company.
  133. Thomas W.I., and Znaniecki F.W. (1918-1920). The Polish Peasant in Europe and in America. Chicago: Chicago University Press and Boston: Gorham Press.
  134. Thoms U. (2011). From Migrant Food to Lifestyle Cooking: The Career of Italian Cuisine in Europe. European History Online (EGO), published by the Institute of European History (IEG).
  135. Tuomainen H. (2014). Eating alone or together? Commensality among Ghanaians in London. Anthropology of food;
  136. Wacquant L. (2003). Ethnografeast: A Progress Report on the Practice and Promise of Ethnography. Ethnography, 4, 1: 5-14; DOI: 10.1177/1466138103004001001
  137. Wang S., Chen X., Li Y., Luu C., Yan R., and Madrisotti F. (2021), “I’m more afraid of racism than of the virus!”: racism awareness and resistance among Chinese migrants and their descendants in France during the Covid-19 pandemic. European Societies, 23, sup1: S721-S742; DOI: 10.1080/14616696.2020.1836384.
  138. Ward P.R. (2020). A sociology of the Covid-19 pandemic: A commentary and research agenda for sociologists. Journal of Sociology, 4: 726-735; DOI: 10.1177/1440783320939682
  139. Warde A. (2016). The practice of eating. Cambridge: Polity.
  140. Warde A. (1997). Consumption, Food and Taste: Culinary Antinomies and Commodity Culture. London: SAGE.
  141. Wengraf T., Chamberlayne P., and Bornat J. (2002). A Biographical Turn in the Social Sciences? A British-European View. Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies 2, 2: 245-69; DOI: 10.1177/153270860200200215.
  142. Willet W., et al. (2019). Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food system. The Lancet, 393, 10170: 447-492; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31788-4
  143. William-Forson P.A. (2006). Building Houses out of Chicken Legs. Black Women, Food, and Power. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.
  144. Williams-Forson P.A., and Wilkerson A. (2011). Intersectionality and Food Studies. Food, Culture & Society, 14, 1: 7-28; DOI: 10.2752/175174411X12810842291119
  145. Wilson C.S. (2002). Reasons for eating: personal experiences in nutrition and anthropology. Appetite, 38, 1: 63-67;
  146. Wilson C.S., and Bennett J.W. (2000). Reasons for Eating: Discussion among Interdisciplinary Food Behavior Scientists. Journal for the Study of Food and Society, 4, 2: 9-18; DOI: 10.2752/152897900786732826
  147. Young I.M. (2005). On Female Body Experience: “Throwing Like a Girl” and Other Essays. New York: Oxford University Press.
  148. Vandevoordt R. (2017). The Politics of Food and Hospitality: How Syrian Refugees in Belgium Create a Home in Hostile Environments. Journal of Refugee Studies, 30, 4: 605-621;
  149. Via Campesina (2019). Annual Report. La via Campesina. International Peasant Movement. -- Text available at the website:
  150. Vianello F.A. (2014). Genere e migrazioni. Prospettive di studio e di ricerca. Milano: Guerini e Associati.
  151. Viola L. (2019). Polentone vs terrone: A discourse-historical analysis of media representation of Italian internal migration. In Viola L., and Musolff A., eds., Migration and Media: Discourses about identities in crisis. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, The Netherlands: John Benjamins.
  152. Zapata-Barrero R., Yalaz E., eds. (2018). Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies. Springer International Publishing.

  • Cibo, religione e conflitti. La mensa scolastica come luogo d'incontro Martina Arcadu, in MONDI MIGRANTI 3/2023 pp.233
    DOI: 10.3280/MM2023-003013

Franca Bimbi, Paolo Gusmeroli, Commensality as citizenship. An Ethnographic Journey through Food and Migration in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 2/2021, pp 27-54, DOI: 10.3280/MM2021-002002