Click here to download

Evaluating the health of temporary workers: Validation of the Precariousness of Life Inventory (PLI-9) - short form
Journal Title: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Author/s: Antonino Callea, Flavio Urbini, Alessandro Lo Presti 
Year:  2016 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  17 Pg. 133-149 FullText PDF:  154 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2016-001011
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


In the last years, the attention by public opinion and scholars towards the issue of precariousness has significantly increased in parallel with the instability and turbulences of the labour market. Understanding such phenomenon is now essential given its pervasiveness for an increasing and significant portion of the workforce, whence the aim of this study: to validate the short form of the Precariousness of Life Inventory (PLI-9). Seven hundred and twenty one temporary workers have been interviewed by means of a self-report questionnaire containing the PLI-9 and other convergent variables. Data, analyzed through explorative and confirmative factorial analyses, supported the three-dimensional structure of the questionnaire (i.e., indifference towards ones job, distrust toward the professional future and the emotional consequences on daily life). The analysis of convergent validity of the three dimensions, which exhibited satisfactory reliability indices, showed significant correlations with other constructs coherent with expectations. Finally, the criteria allow identifying temporary workers with high precariousness of life. The PLI-9 showed psychometric qualities that typify it, at the same, as a complete and concise tool for evaluating a phenomenon, such as precariousness of life, which affects (and plausibly will continue to do so), a significant portion of the active population.
Keywords: Precariousness, job insecurity, health, anxiety, depression

  1. Barbaranelli C. (2007). Analisi dei dati [Data analysis]. Milano: LED.
  2. Beck A. T., Steer R. A. and Brown G.K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
  3. Berger-Schmitt R. and Noll H. H. (2000). Conceptual Framework and Structure of a European System of Social Indicators. EuReporting Working Paper No. 9. Mannheim: Centre for Survey Research and Methodology (ZUMA).
  4. Bernhard-Oettel C., Sverke M. and de Witte H. (2005). Comparing three alternative types of employment with permanent full-time work: How do employment contract and perceived job conditions relate to health complaints? Work & Stress, 19: 301-318., DOI: 10.1080/02678370500408723
  5. Burke R. J. and Cooper C. L. (2000). The organization in crisis: Downsizing, restructuring, and privatization. Oxford: Blackwell.
  6. Callea A. (2010). Validazione del questionario Precarietà di vita [Validation of the precariousness of life inventory]. Giornale di Psicologia, 4, 3: 219-227.
  7. Callea A. (2011). Psicologia del lavoro atipico [Atypical work psychology]. Roma: Alpes.
  8. Callea A., Urbini F. and Bucknor D. (2012). Temporary employment in Italy and its consequences on gender. Gender in Management: an International Journal, 27, 6: 380-394., DOI: 10.1108/1754241121126932
  9. Callea A., Urbini F., Ingusci E. and Chirumbolo A. (in press). The relationship between contract type and job satisfaction in a mediated moderation model: The role of job insecurity and psychological contract violation. Economic and Industrial Democracy., DOI: 10.1177/0143831X1454623
  10. Cheng G. H. L. and Chan D. K. S. (2008). Who Suffers More from Job Insecurity? A Meta-Analytic Review. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 2: 272-303., DOI: 10.1177/0143831X0935837
  11. Chirumbolo A. and Areni A. (2010). Job insecurity influence on job performance and mental health: Testing the moderating effect of the need for closure. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 31, 2: 195-214., DOI: 10.1177/0143831X0935836
  12. De Cuyper N., de Jong J., De Witte H., Isaksson K., Rigotti T. and Schalk R. (2008). Literature review of theory and research on the psychological impact of temporary employment: towards a conceptual model. International Journal of Managemet Reviews, 10, 1: 25-51., DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00221.
  13. De Cuyper N., Notelaers G. and de Witte H. (2009). Job insecurity and employability in fixed-term contractors, agency workers, and permanent workers: Associations with job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14, 2: 193-205., DOI: 10.1037/a001460
  14. Gallino L. (2007). Il lavoro non è una merce [Labour is not a commodity]. Bari: Laterza.
  15. Ghisi M., Flebus G. B., Montano A., Sanavio E. and Sica C. (2006). Beck Depression Inventory-II. Manuale. Firenze: Organizzazioni Speciali.
  16. ILO (2012). World of work report: Better jobs for a better economy. Retrieved from: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@dgreports/@dcomm/@publ/documents/ publication/wcms_179453.pdf.
  17. ISTAT (2012). Annuario statistico Italiano: Lavoro [Italian statistical yearbook: labour]. Retrieved from: http://www.west-info.eu/files/Annuario-statistico-ISTAT.pdf.
  18. ISTAT (2014). Rapporto annuale 2014 – la situazione del paese [Yearbook 2014 - Italian situation]. Retrieved from: http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/120991
  19. Lewchuk W., Clarke M. and de Wolff A. (2008). Working Without Commitments: Precarious Employment and Health. Work, Employment and Society, 22: 387-406., DOI: 10.1177/095001700809347
  20. Lo Presti A. and Nonnis M. (2012). Moderated effects of job insecurity on work engagement and distress. TPM – Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 19, 2: 97-113., DOI: 10.4473/TPM19.2.
  21. Martinez G., De Cuyper N. and De Witte H. (2010). Review of temporary employment literature: Perspectives for research and development in Latin America. Psykhe 19, 1: 61-73., DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22282010000100005version=htm
  22. Messineo A., Bruschi A., Di Martino G., Imperatore A., Rossi O. e Serretti N. (2006). I lavori atipici: rilievi di attualità, sorveglianza sanitaria, vigilanza [Atypical workers: current reliefs, health surveillance, administrative supervision]. Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia, 28, 3: 299-308.
  23. Muthén B. and Kaplan D. (1985). A comparison of some methodologies for the factor analysis of non-normal Likert variables. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 38: 171-189.
  24. OECD (2014). Employment Outlook 2014. Paris: OECD.
  25. Pedon A. (2009). Dizionario di statistica e metodologia per le scienze del comportamento [Statistical and methodological dictionary for behavioural sciences]. Roma: Borla.
  26. Pedrabissi L. e Santinello M. (1989). Nuova versione italiana dello S.T.A.I .- Forma Y [New Italian version of S.T.A.I. - Y form]. Firenze: Organizzazioni Speciali.
  27. Quesnel-Vallée A., De Haney S. and Ciampi A. (2010). Temporary work and depressive symptoms: A propensity score analysis. Social Science e Medicine, 70, 12: 1982-1987., DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.008
  28. Richardson S., Lester L. and Zhang G. (2012). Are Casual and Contract Terms of Employment Hazardous for Mental Health in Australia? Journal of Industrial Relations, 54, 5: 557-578., DOI: 10.1177/002218561245497
  29. Sanderson K. and Andrews G. (2006). Common mental disorders in the workforce: recent findings from descriptive and social epidemiology. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 2: 63-75.
  30. Santin G., Cohidon C., Goldberg M. and Imbernon E. (2009). Depressive symptoms and atypical jobs in France, from the 2003 decennal health survey. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 52, 10: 799-810.
  31. Scherer S. (2009). The social consequences of insecure jobs. Social Indicators Research, 93: 527-547.
  32. Schermelleh-Engel K., Moosbrugger H. and Müller H. (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models. Methods of Psychological Research, 8: 23-74.
  33. Spielberger C. D., Gorsuch R. L. and Lushene R. D. (1970). STAI: Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologist.
  34. Standing G. (2012). Precari. La nuova classe esplosiva [The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class]. Bologna: Il Mulino.
  35. Sverke M., Hellgren J. and Näswall K. (2002). No security: A meta-analysis and review of job insecurity and its consequences. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7: 242-264., DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.7.3.24
  36. Sverke M., Hellgren J. and Näswall K. (2006). Job insecurity: A literature review. SALTSA-Joint Programme for working life research in Europe. Report No. 1: 1-30.
  37. Underhill E. and Quinlan M. (2011). How Precarious Employment Affects Health and Safety at Work: The Case of Temporary Agency Workers. Industrial Relations, 66, 3: 397-421., DOI: 10.7202/1006345a
  38. Wagenaar A. F., Taris T. W., Houtman I. L. D., van de Bossche S., Smulders P. and Kompier M. A. J. (2012). Labour contracts in the European Union, 2000-2005: Differences among demographic groups and implications for the quality of working like and work satisfaction. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21, 2: 169-194., DOI: 10.1080/1359432X.2012.74018

Antonino Callea, Flavio Urbini, Alessandro Lo Presti, Evaluating the health of temporary workers: Validation of the Precariousness of Life Inventory (PLI-9) - short form in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2016, pp. 133-149, DOI:10.3280/PDS2016-001011

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content