Historically, day care was the context in which early infancy research and professional practice meet, thanks to trainings for practitioners. Observation is a powerful training tool, which needs to be user-friendly to be effective in educational contexts. Observation-Projet (Fontaine, 2008, 2011) is an observational procedure that aims to solve specific problems in everyday practice, directly involving practitioners in choosing the observation object, in operationally translating this object, in collecting and interpreting the data. Thus, Observation-Projet could also support professionals in critically reflecting upon their everyday practice. This paper presents a concrete example of effective use of Observation-Projet in an Italian day care, with the aim of reorganizing children’s groups and activities during the afternoon.
Keywords: Observation-Projet, creche, critical thinking, organization.