Journal title ECONOMIA DELLE FONTI DI ENERGIA E DELL’AMBIENTE
Author/s Valentina Iafolla, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Francesco Nicolli
Publishing Year 2011 Issue 2010/2 Language Italian
Pages 33 P. 103-135 File size 2246 KB
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We empirically test delinking of municipal waste dynamics with regard to economic growth and the effectiveness of environmental and specific waste-related policies, by exploiting a newly constructed, integrated waste-economic-policy dataset based on official data for the EU15 over 1995-2007. We find that absolute delinking is far from being achieved on average in the EU concerning waste generation, despite fairly stringent and longstanding policy commitment that goes back to the mid 1990s, but which however is biased towards waste management and waste disposal rather than waste prevention. If one the one hand landfilled waste has been constantly decreasing, waste generation is still too linked to consumption growth. Policy as well as country structural factors as density seem to impact on landfill diversion, while policy was as expected ineffective for reducing and preventing waste production at source. In addition, country heterogeneity matters: SURE based analyses show that EU average figures often hide high variance regarding decoupling performance. Results provide food for thought for a new EU waste policy strategy aimed mainly at both landfill diversion and waste generation reduction, within a framework strongly oriented to allowing countries to decide about the implementation of EU directives.
Keywords: Waste Kuznets Curves, delinking, waste generation, waste disposal, landfilling, policy effectiveness, SURE
Jel codes: C23, Q38, Q56
Valentina Iafolla, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Francesco Nicolli, Rifiuti generati, rifiuti in discarica ed efficacia delle politiche ambientali in Europa in "ECONOMIA DELLE FONTI DI ENERGIA E DELL’AMBIENTE" 2/2010, pp 103-135, DOI: 10.3280/EFE2010-002005