Nazareno Strampelli’s Green Revolution

Author/s Sergio Salvi
Publishing Year 2011 Issue 2009/3
Language Italian Pages 15 P. 107-121 File size 76 KB
DOI 10.3280/AIM2009-003006
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Nazareno Strampelli (1866-1942) was the most important italian plant breeder during the first four decades of the twentieth century. Through the application of hybridization principles and mendelian genetics in his wheat breeding programme started in Rieti since 1903, the italian breeder created many short-strawed, rustresistant and early ripening wheat varieties which were very similar to the so-called "High Yielding Varieties", obtained in Mexico in the 1950’s by Norman Borlaug and widely distributed around the world during the Green Revolution era. After the Second world war, Strampelli’s wheat varieties (the real protagonists of the socalled "Battaglia del grano" promoted in Italy by the fascist regime in 1925) were rapidly and widely adopted among the main wheat-producing nations, playing a fundamental role in their breeding programmes as well as in the modern breeding approaches against the new emerging rust strains. Today, despite the dramatic role that Strampelli’s varieties played in the world wheat production has been widely demonstrated, the italian breeder is not adequately considered neither as the precursor of the Green Revolution, nor as an authentic scientist as well.

Keywords: Green Revolution, Wheat, Hybridization, Grain Battle, Breeding, Graniculture

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Sergio Salvi, La "rivoluzione verde" di Nazareno Strampelli in "AGRICOLTURA ISTITUZIONI MERCATI " 3/2009, pp 107-121, DOI: 10.3280/AIM2009-003006