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Programmi di prevenzione e trattamento per madri di bambini nati pretermine: stato dell’arte e prospettive alla luce della teoria dell’attaccamento
Titolo Rivista: QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA 
Autori/Curatori: Benedetta Vicino, Mauro Adenzato, Rita B. Ardito 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2015 Fascicolo: 36 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  18 P. 85-102 Dimensione file:  131 KB
DOI:  10.3280/QPC2015-036007
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La nascita pretermine e la seconda causa di morte sotto i cinque anni di eta e rappresenta un fattore di rischio per lo sviluppo del bambino e un evento di natura potenzialmente traumatica per i genitori. L’obiettivo del presente lavoro e presentare alcuni programmi di prevenzione e trattamento che si rivolgono in modo privilegiato alle madri di bambini nati pretermine, la cui efficacia e stata dimostrata e che siano stati sviluppati all’interno della cornice teorica dell’attaccamento. Nel complesso, i programmi presi in considerazione mostrano una certa efficacia nel migliorare la qualita della relazione madre-bambino, favorire lo sviluppo del bambino e migliorare il distress psicologico dei genitori. Tuttavia la comprensione dei meccanismi di funzionamento sottostanti, il ruolo da attribuire ai diversi fattori protettivi e di rischio e il modo in cui integrare tutto cio in un programma di prevenzione e trattamento efficace rimangono questioni aperte. Proponiamo che un contributo in tal senso deriverebbe da una maggiore considerazione dello stato della mente materno rispetto all’attaccamento nella progettazione e nella realizzazione di questi programmi: declinare l’intervento in base alle specifiche caratteristiche materne favorirebbe il raggiungimento di esiti positivi per la madre, per il bambino nato pretermine e per la loro relazione.


Keywords: Attaccamento, nascita pretermine, prematurita, prevenzione, programmi di intervento.

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Benedetta Vicino, Mauro Adenzato, Rita B. Ardito, in "QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA" 36/2015, pp. 85-102, DOI:10.3280/QPC2015-036007

   

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