The Italian Communist Party, from the failure of the «national solidarity» to the birth of the Second Republic

Author/s Giovanni Cerchia
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2016/39 Language Italian
Pages 19 P. 137-155 File size 222 KB
DOI 10.3280/XXI2016-039008
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Since the end of the Second World War, the Italian Communist Party (PCI) featured a constant electoral growth while developing a national union strategy intended to recreate the 1945 alliance among communists, socialists and catholics. However, after 1979 the PCI was unable to adapt itself to a different national and international context and had to face a considerable electoral decline. This paper argues that the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), instead of coping with PCI's heritage and the causes of its crisis, chose to pursue a re-foundation, based on repression.

Keywords: Italian Communist Party (PCI); National solidarity; Historic compromise; Italian Second Republic; Italian Democratic Party of the Left (PDS).

Giovanni Cerchia, Il Pci, tra il fallimento della solidarietà nazionale e la nascita della Seconda Repubblica in "VENTUNESIMO SECOLO" 39/2016, pp 137-155, DOI: 10.3280/XXI2016-039008