Building sustainable non-traditional security: Lessons from COVID-19

Author/s Yusa Djuyandi, Indra Prawira, Abdul Rauf Ridzuan
Publishing Year 2021 Issue 2020/2 suppl. Language English
Pages 14 P. 19-32 File size 154 KB
DOI 10.3280/RISS2020-002-S1003
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

COVID-19 has posed a threat to the safety and security of many people in the world, its dissemination has caused many people to feel insecure about their lives, more than that COVID-19 outbreak also caused a domino effect in various sec-tors, such as economics, education, and politics. This article is relevant, as explores how ensuring safety in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic can help people main-tain their health, which is very important today. The aim of the paper is to research sustainable non-traditional security during the COVID-19 pandemic. The following research methods were used in the article: methods of theoretical analysis, empiri-cal methods (observation, classification, generalization). In the process of re-search, the features of non-traditional security were investigated. Also, the domino effects and security actors during the period COVID-19 pandemic were analyzed. The practical significance of the paper is that the research materials can be used by scientists, researchers, teachers, and students to study global human security issues, in particular COVID-19.

Keywords: Security actors, human security, coronavirus, communication revolu-tion

  1. A’raf A. (2015). National security dynamics. Jurnal Keamanan Nasional, 1(1): 27-40.
  2. Akpeninor J. O. (2012). Modern concepts of security. -- Available from:
  3. Albani M. (2020). There is no returning to normal after COVID-19. But there is a path forward. -- Available from:
  4. Amameishi S., Komukai E., Mimaki J., Oi H. and Yokozeki Y. (2006). Poverty reduction and human security: Incorporating the concept of human security into poverty reduction. Institute for International Cooperation Japan International Cooperation Agency, Tokyo.
  5. Amaritasari I. P. (2017). National security in the context of contemporary global issues: An overview of international relations. Jurnal Keamanan Nasional, 3(1): 109-132.
  6. Baldwin D. A. (1997). The concept of security. Review of International Studies, 23(1): 5-26.
  7. Barnett M. (2008). Social constructivism, in Baylis J., Smith S. and Owens P., eds., The Globalization of World Politics (Fourth). New York: Oxford University Press.
  8. Blofield M., Hoffmann B. and Llanos M. (2020). Assessing the political and social impact of the COVID-19 crisis in Latin America. GIGA Focus, 3. -- Available from:
  9. Burgess S. and Sievertsen H. H. (2020). Schools, skills, and learning: The impact of COVID-19 on education. -- Available from:
  10. Buzan B., Wæver O. and de Wilde J. (1998). Security: A new framework for analysis. Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publisher.
  11. Chattu V. K. (2017). The rise of global health diplomacy: An interdisciplinary concept linking health and international relations. Indian Journal of Public Health, 61(2): 134-136.
  12. Cho K. (2013). Law and society in Korea. In: Yang H., ed., Law and Society in Korea. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  13. Cook A. D. B. (2017). Non-traditional security and world politics. In: Beeson M. and Bisley N., eds., Issues in 21st Century World Politics. Melbourne: Red Globe Press.
  14. Djuyandi Y. and Sastra S. M. (2009). Supervision of the House of Representatives (DPR) in Security Sector Reform. In: Sukadis B., Dato M. and Halim H., eds., 2009 Indonesian Security Sector Reform Almanac. Jakarta: Lesperssi & Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).
  15. Djuyandi Y., Casnoto H. and Hidayat W. (2019). Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW): Synergy of Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) and National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) in Disaster Management. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 7(4): 111-121.
  16. Ewing J. J. and Anthony M. C. (2013). Non-traditional security in the 21st century. In: Chang B., Cook A. D. B. and Ewing J. J., eds., RSIS Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Year in Review 2013. Singapore: RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies.
  17. Fjäder C. (2014). The nation-state, national security and resilience in the age of globalization. Resilience, 2(2): 114-129.
  18. Gierszewski J. (2018). Personal security within The Human Security Paradigm. Security Dimensions, 23(23): 51-66.
  19. Haiduchok T., Sysoieva I., Vasylishyn S., Lysiuk A., Kundrya-Vysotska O. and Kostyrko A. (2020). Accounting and control of settlements with counterparties under the conditions of quarantine measures. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology, 11(5): 141-152.
  20. Hopf T. (1998). The promise of constructivism in international relations theory. International Security, 23(1): 171-200.
  21. Jackson R. and Sorensen G. (1999). Introduction to international relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  22. Karmaza O. O., Stefanyshyn N. M., Koucherets D. V. and Koroied S. O. (2018). Meditation in medicine: Comparative analysis of Ukrainian and foreign legislation. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 21(Special Issue 1): 1-8.
  23. Khadafi M. (2020). Pandemic Corona, KSP: Government anticipates security stability threats. -- Available from:
  24. Khadzhyradieva S., Hrechko T. and Smalskys V. (2019). Institutionalisation of behavioural insights in public policy. Public Policy and Administration, 18(3): 95-113.
  25. Kluge H., Martín-Moreno J. M., Emiroglu N., Rodier G., Kelley E., Vujnovic M. and Permanand G. (2018). Strengthening global health security by embedding the International Health Regulations requirements into national health systems. BMJ Global Health, 3(1): 1-7.
  26. Kostruba A. V. (2019). The notion and attributes of right – terminating legal facts. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 10(1): 254-262.
  27. Lebow R. N. and Valentino B. (2011). Realism and world politics. In: Booth K., ed., Realism and World Politics. London: Routledge.
  28. Mahmud H., Quaisar M. M., Sabur M. A. and Tamanna S. (2008). Human security or national security: The problems and prospects of the norm of human security. Journal of Politics and Law, 1(4): 67-72.
  29. Molter V. and Webster G. (2020). Coronavirus conspiracy claims: What’s behind a Chinese diplomat’s COVID-19 misdirection. -- Available from:
  30. Mykleby M. (2012). National security, sustainability, and citizenship. The Solutions Journal, 3(1): 24-28.
  31. Nainggolan P.P. (2020). Corona outbreak and national security. -- Available from:
  32. Othman Z., Jian N. R. N. A. and Mahamud A. H. (2013). Non-traditional security issues and the stability. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah, 4(2): 150-164.
  33. Park M. (2012). South Korea: Passion, patriotism, and student radicalism. In: Weiss M. L. and Aspinall E., eds., Student Activism in Asia; Between Protest and Powerlessness. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.
  34. Polovchenko K. A. (2019). Organizational policies of local self-government in a modern democratic state. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 7(4): 631-640.
  35. Raitasalo J. (2005). Constructing war and military power after the Cold War: The role of the United States in the shared western understandings of war and military power in the post-Cold War era. -- Available from:
  36. Rudenko M. N. (2017). Economic security of regions. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 8(8): 2568-2585.
  37. Schmidt B. C. (1998). The political discourse of anarchy. New York: State University of New York Press.
  38. Šileika A. and Bekerytė J. (2013). Theoretical issues of relationship between unemployment. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 2(3): 59-70.
  39. Stelzenmüller C. (2020). Coronavirus is also a threat to democratic constitutions. -- Available from:
  40. Stevens D. and Vaughan-Williams N. (2016). Citizens and security threats: Issues, perceptions and consequences beyond the national frame. British Journal of Political Science, 46(1): 149-175.
  41. Strategic Communication European Union External Action (2020). -- Available from:
  42. Strong J. (2018). The war powers of the British parliament: What has been established and what remains unclear?. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 20(1): 19-34.
  43. Susetyo H. (2008). Towards a comprehensive perspective security paradigm. Lex Jurnalica, 6(1): 1-10. -- Available from:
  44. Takahashi T. (2020). Japan’s COVID-19 national security problem. -- Available from:
  45. Trobbiani R. (2013). How should national security and human security relate to each other?. -- Available from: national-security-and-human-security-relate-to-each-other/.
  46. U.S. Department of State (2020). The United States is Continuing to Lead the Humanitarian and Health Assistance Response to COVID-19. -- Available from:
  47. Umar A. R. M. (2014). The national interest in international relations theory. Indonesian Journal of International Studies, 1(2): 185-190.
  48. Wagner W. (2006). Parliamentary control of military missions: Accounting for pluralism. Democratic Control of Armed Forces, Geneva.
  49. World Health Organization (2020a). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic. -- Available from:
  50. World Health Organization (2020b). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 87. -- Available from: novel-coronavirus-2019.

Yusa Djuyandi, Indra Prawira, Abdul Rauf Ridzuan, Building sustainable non-traditional security: Lessons from COVID-19 in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 2 suppl./2020, pp 19-32, DOI: 10.3280/RISS2020-002-S1003