Environmental development policies between taxationand green economy

Author/s Daniela Mendola
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/35 Language Italian
Pages 20 P. 7-26 File size 226 KB
DOI 10.3280/DT2022-035001
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The image of a "responsible" tourist, who approaches consumption critically, as being more careful to eco-sustainability and oriented towards choosing destinations that have implemented environmental conservation policies, is now widespread. The responsible tourist is complemented by a green tourism, that requires businesses to adopt behaviors in line with sustainable development. "Green taxation" measures appear to be an essential part of environmental and fiscal policies, by guiding individual and collective behavior and above all by empowering businesses, consumers and institutions. The current legal system is oriented towards a "promotion" policy, which identifies, alongside the primary purpose of tax levying, that is contribution to public expenses (Art. 53 of Constitution), also so-called accessory purposes, with a fiscal nature as well, which enhance the taxation function in order to satisfy fundamental rights. The fiscal tool, therefore, is used in order to encourage eco-sustainable behaviors by commercial operators, both by imposing specific taxes related to polluting conducts (so-called environmental taxes) and by recognizing tax benefits for virtuous behaviors.

Daniela Mendola, Politiche di sviluppo ambientale tra fiscalità e green economy in "RIVISTA ITALIANA DI DIRITTO DEL TURISMO" 35/2022, pp 7-26, DOI: 10.3280/DT2022-035001