International legal cooperation of countries in ensuring the human rights to adequate food

Journal title RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'
Author/s Akdana Yernarkyzy Abdiraiymova, Yerbol Musinovich Abaideldinov, Bahyt Zhussipova Akylbayevna
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/1 Language English
Pages 15 P. 137-151 File size 89 KB
DOI 10.3280/RISS2022-001009
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This article discusses issues concerning international legal regulation of coopera-tion of states in resolving the problems related to ensuring the human rights to ad-equate food and food security in general, including in the context of a pandemic that has had a significant impact on the development of the world's economy. The work studies: the development of international legal regulation of partnership in the field of food security, the goals and authority of Food and Agriculture Organi-zation (FAO), the conditions of the food market and the world's economy. The study examines the right of everyone to access safe and healthy food, in accord-ance with the right to for adequate food and the basic right of everyone to be free from hunger. It is noted that the world food security system covers: the creation of national food supplies coordinated on the international level; provision of food aid to countries in need, organization of an early warning system on food shortage; an increase of the share of developing countries in international trade of agriculture products. One of the factors of the establishment of intranational food security is food sup-port to developing states. The article considers various principles like roman princi-ples of sustainable global food security; a comprehensive approach to food securi-ty; strategic coordinative cooperation; the principle of supporting national, region-al and international programs; close interaction with international organizations and principle of maintaining of assumed financial obligations. It is noted that the lack of positive results in a process of resolving issues concern-ing food supply requires improvement of the effectiveness of multilateral man-agement system dealing with ensuring world’s food security, through the unifica-tion and coordination of efforts of states, international organizations, and other interested parties at local and global levels. A similar policy is proposed to be considered in complex with global and regional issues, including negotiations on the creation of a fair international trade regime, which will positively affect the strengthening of national food security potential of developing countries and improve the effectiveness of international food assis-tance programs. Such policy is proposed to be reflected and specified in agriculture doctrines of national and regional levels.

Keywords: food security, globalization, partnership, food, hunger, agriculture.

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Akdana Yernarkyzy Abdiraiymova, Yerbol Musinovich Abaideldinov, Bahyt Zhussipova Akylbayevna, International legal cooperation of countries in ensuring the human rights to adequate food in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 1/2022, pp 137-151, DOI: 10.3280/RISS2022-001009