Lo stile del fascismo: un'estetica della sopravvivenza

Author/s Niccolò Zapponi
Publishing Year 2005 Issue 2005/3 Language Italian
Pages 46 P. File size 190 KB
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The essay deals with the Fascist style which is considered as the aesthetic political expression of Fascism and also as the impenetrable wrapping of its shrewdness and of its despise for the opponents condemned to defeat. The Fascist style was the means to build the new man, Mussolini’s Italian. Although promoting different styles F.T. Marinetti and Gabriele D’Annunzio are both seen as precursors of the Fascist style, particularly for the dandyish mixture of violence and elegance which were typical of the Futurist behaviour and of D’Annunzio way of life. In Mussolini’s totalitarian project and in the works of the Fascist writers who dealt with the matter, the new Fascist man had an hated and despised enemy: the bourgeois. The bourgeois is figured as a pipsqueak, an ostrich, a hyena, a parasite, as a physically inferior subject, nearer to an animal than to a human being. Achille Starace, Secretary of the Fascist Party for nine years, was the one the Duce chose to shape the new Italian. By 1939 all Italians wore the large variety of Fascist uniforms: the Fascist style was then what Fascists thought military style was. The defeat in the Second World War ended the totalitarian experiment in Italy, and the Fascist style, which consisted largely in warlike education failed in the war. So that it appeared to be an aesthetics of survival for Italians in the Fascist regime.

Niccolò Zapponi, Lo stile del fascismo: un'estetica della sopravvivenza in "MONDO CONTEMPORANEO" 3/2005, pp , DOI: