The rapprochement of Italy to Germany between 1945-1949

Author/s Filippo Triola
Publishing Year 2013 Issue 2012/3
Language Italian Pages 50 P. 31-80 File size 433 KB
DOI 10.3280/MON2012-003002
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The author analyzes the history of first Italian-German approaches before the formal renecoal of the diplomatic relationship with the Federal German Republic following the end of World War II. A political rapprochement that caused disapproval in many actors of Italian diplomacy. The sources analysed in the historical Archive of the Italian Foreign Ministry highlight the fact that between 1945-1949 the restoration of economic exchanges were fundamental in the process of elaboration of the Italian foreign policy attitude towards Germany. The essay will therefore attempt to demonstrate how and why foreign commerce became the first real link between the two nations thus allowing Italy to become firstly a fundamental economic partner and later a political one for Western Germany before the institution of the Federal Republic of Germany. Between 1945 and 1949 Italy was the first European country to develop a policy on the German Question favourable to the revival of a new German state far from any Soviet influence. The Italian prime minister De Gasperi and the Italian Foreign Minister Sforza implemented a precise diplomatic action of political rapprochement, promoting exchanges of visits and meetings.

Keywords: German-Italian relationship, Italian foreign policy, German-Italian economic relations, West Germany, Italian Foreign Ministry, De Gasperi

Filippo Triola, Il riavvicinamento dell’Italia alla Germania tra il 1945 e il 1949 in "MONDO CONTEMPORANEO" 3/2012, pp 31-80, DOI: 10.3280/MON2012-003002