European Wine Policies and their consequences on the global wine trade

Author/s Paola Corsinovi, Davide Gaeta
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2017/1
Language English Pages 30 P. 59-88 File size 293 KB
DOI 10.3280/ECAG2017-001004
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Over the years the EU wine policy has introduced a number of instruments with the principal goal of addressing the problems of the internal market and price stability, controlling supply and farmers’ incomes. Regarding trade policy, it has acted to improve its competitiveness against growing competition from Third Countries, by building both tariffs and non-tariff measures for trade policy. While continuing on the path of reform which started in the early 1990s, it was only with the 2008 and 2013 reforms that wine policy changed significantly from a policy Based on subsidising production and the protection of domestic markets from non-European producers, to a policy that aims to stimulate quality production and the competitiveness of the wine sector on the international scene. The Common Agricultural Policy and the EU domestic and international contexts have (probably) played an important role in the design of strategies for wine interventions. What is going on in the EU wine sector and what are the consequences of the wine policies on the market? This paper follows the evolution of EU wine policies through three main phases that, according to the authors’ point of view, have characterised the EU’s aims and strategies during the years of the reforms. Specifically, the authors focus their analysis on the budget expenditures of each phase (from 1970 to 2015) and the market response in the domestic and international scenario. The thread which runs through this paper is that the controversial aspects of the wine sector are urgent requests from wine farms to both policymakers to intervene with market laws and rules, and to the policy itself which aims to correct its own failings. EU policy has arrived late (too late) to understand the increasing threat posed by the competitive growth of third countries. After 46 years of implementation, the ‘classic dilemma’ between policymakers and markets, the tradeoffs between markets and policy, are still the drivers of EU wine policy.

Keywords: Cap, cmo , EU, Wine Policies

  1. Anderson, K. (Ed.) (2004). The World’s Wine Markets: Globalization at Work. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Cheltenham.
  2. Anderson, K. (2010). Excise and Import Taxes On Wine Versus Beer and Spirit: An International Comparison. Economic Papers, 29(2), 215-228.
  3. Anderson, K. (2014). Excise Taxes on Wines, Beers and Spirits: An Updated International Comparison. American Association of Wine Economists, Working Paper (No 170, October 2014).
  4. Anderson, K. & Jensen, H. (2016). How Much Does the European Union Assist its Wine Producers? Journal of Wine Economics, 11(2), 289-305.
  5. Anania, G. & Pupo D’Andrea, M.R. (2015). The 2013 Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. In J.F.M. Swinnen (Ed.), The Political Economy of the 2014-2020 Common Agricultural Policy an Imperfect Storm (pp. 33-84). Rowman & Littlefield International, Ltd. Centre for European Policy Studies.
  6. Bureau, J.C. & Mahé, L.P. (2015). Was the cap Reform a Success? In J.F.M. Swinnen (Ed.), The Political Economy of the 2014-2020 Common Agricultural Policy an Imperfect Storm (pp. 87-132). Rowman & Littlefield International, Ltd. Centre for European Policy Studies.
  7. Colman, T. (2008). Wine Politics, University Of California Press.
  8. Corsinovi, P., Begalli, D., & Gaeta, D. (2013). Public Choice Theory as a Tool for CMO Wine Reform Analysis. World Review Of Entrepreneurship, Management And Sustainable Development, 9(2), 216-229. DOI: 10.1504/WREMSD.2013.052360
  9. Corsinovi, P., & Gaeta, D. (2016). The EU Wine Policy Orientations Through the Budget Expenditure Analysis (1970-2015). Annual American Association of Wine Economists (AAWE) June 21-25– 2016, Bordeaux (France).
  10. Dal Bianco A., Boatto, V., Caracciolo, F. & Santeramo, F.G. (2016). Tariffs and Non Tariff Frictions in The World Wine Trade. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 43(1), 31-57.
  11. De Filippis, F. (2016). “Brexit”, il Commercio Agroalimentare e la pac. Intersezioni, (78), 1-4.
  12. Deconinck, K. & Swinnen, J. (2015). The Economics of Planting Rights in Wine Production. European Review Of Agricultural Economics, 42(3), 419-440.
  13. European Commission (2004). Ex-Post Evaluation of the Common Market Organisation for Wine. --
  14. European Commission (2006a), Towards a sustainable European wine sector. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. --
  15. European Commission (2006b). Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament “Towards A Sustainable European Wine Sector”. European Commission, com(2006) 319 Final.
  16. European Commission (2006c). Impact Assessment – Annex to the Communication From The Commission To The Council and The European Parliament “Towards A Sustainable European Wine Sector”. --
  17. European Commission (2011). Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment, “Common Agricultural Policy Towards 2020”. --
  18. European Commission (2012). Report from The Commission to the European Parliament and Council in Accordance with Article 184(8) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 On Experience Gained With The Implementation Of The Wine Reform Of 2008. --
  19. European Consilium (2012). Special Report No 7/2012: The Reform of the Common Organisation Of The Market In Wine: Progress To Date.
  20. European Parliament (2012a). The Liberalization of Planting Rights in the EU Wine Sector.
  21. European Parliament (2012b). Co Decision And Conciliation - A Guide To How The Parliament Co-Legislates Under The Treaty Of Lisbon - Directorate-General For Internal Policies Of The Union Directorate For Legislative Coordination And Conciliations Conciliations And Codecision Unit (January, 2012).
  22. Fogarty, J. (2010). The Demand For Beer, Wine and Spirits: A Survey of The Literature. Journal of Economic Surveys, 24(3), 428-478.
  23. Foster, M. & Spencer, D. (2002). World Wine Market: Barriers to Increasing Trade. ABARE Research Report 02.6. ABARE report for the Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resources Economics.
  24. High Level Group (2012). Report Of The High Level Group On Wine Planting Rights. FINA. --
  25. Gaeta, D., & Corsinovi, P. (2014). Economics, Governance, and Politics in the Wine Market. European Union Development. London: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: 10.1057/9781137395320
  26. Innova (2002). Ex-Post Evaluation of the Common Market Organisation for Wine, European Commission - DG Agriculture, Tender Agri/Evaluation/2002/6, INNOVA, Roma. --
  27. Josling, T.E. & Tangermann, S. (2015). Transatlantic Food and Agricultural Trade Policy: 50 Years of Conflict and Convergence. Cheltenham: Edward Elgarm. DOI: 10.4337/9781783476961
  28. Kortteinen, T. (1984). Wine Production in the European Community Since 1975. British Journal Of Addiction, 79(4), 319-325.
  29. Mariani, A., Pomarici, E. & Boatto, V. (2012). The International Wine Trade: Recent Trends and Critical Issues. Wine Economics and Politics, 1(1), 24-40.
  30. Malassis, L. (1959). La Politique Agricole De 1946 À 1958. La Recherche D’une Politique Agricole. In Économie Rurale, n. 39-40. L’économie Agricole Française 1938-1958. Paris: Socieàteà Française D’eàconomie Rurale, 233-251.
  31. Matthwes, A., Salviatici, L. & Scoppola, M. (2017). The impact of Agricultural Support in the EU. iatrc Commissioned Paper 19, January 2017. --
  32. Meloni, G. & Swinnen, J.F.M. (2013). The Political Economy of European Wine Regulations. Journal of Wine Economics, 8(3), 244-284.
  33. Meloni, G. & Swinnen, J.F.M. (2016). The Political and Economic History of Vineyard Planting Rights in Europe: From Montesquieu to the European Union. Journal of Wine Economics, 11(3), 379-413.
  34. Montaigne, E. & Coelho, A. (2006). Reform of The Common Organisation of the Market. In Wine Study Requested by The European Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Brussels.
  35. Niederbacher, A. (1983). Wine in the European Community. Office for Official Publication of The European Communities, Periodical 2/3-1983, Luxembourg.
  36. oiv (2014). The Wine Market: Evolution And Trends. file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/Wine_market_EN.pdf.
  37. oiv (2016). State of the Vitiviniculture World Market (April 2016).
  38. Pomarici, E. & Sardone, R. (2001). Il Settore Vitivinicolo In Italia. Strutture Produttive, Mercati e Competitività alla Luce della Nuova Organizzazione Comune di Mercato. Roma: Studi & Ricerche, inea.
  39. Pomarici, E. & Sardone, R. (2009). L’OCM Vino. La Difficile Transazione Verso una Strategia di Comparto. Roma: inea.
  40. Scoppola, M. & Zezza, A. (1997). La Riforma dell’Organizzazione Comune di Mercato e la Vitivinicoltura Italiana. Roma; Studi & Ricerche, inea.
  41. Spahni, P. (1988). The Common Wine Policy And Price Stabilization. Avebury (Aldershot, Hants, England And Brookfield, Vermont, usa).
  42. Sumner, D.A., Lapsley J.T. & Rosen-Molina, T. (2012). Economics of Wine Import Duty and Excise Tax Drawbacks-Agricultural and Resource Economics Update - Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics.
  43. Swinnen, J.F.M. (Ed.) (2015). The Political Economy of The 2014-2020 Common Agricultural Policy an Imperfect Storm. Rowman & Littlefield International, Ltd. Centre for European Policy Studies (ceps).
  44. Tullock, G. (1965). The Politics of Bureaucracy. Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press.
  45. Rausser, G.C. (1982). Political Economic Markets: PERTs and PESTs in Food Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 64(5), 8211-833. DOI: 10.2307/1240741

  • Assessing Consumer Behavior in the Wine Industry and Its Consequences for Wineries: A Case Study of a Spanish Company Rosa M. Muñoz, M. Valle Fernández, Maria Yolanda Salinero, in Frontiers in Psychology 2491/2019
    DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02491
  • It's a jungle out there - the strange animals of economic organization in agri-food value chains P. Corsinovi, D. Gaeta, pp.303 (ISBN:9789086868445)
  • Consumer Taxes on Alcohol: Is the Wine Sector a Niche Within the Alcoholic Beverages? Paola Corsinovi, in Italian Economic Journal /2021 pp.341
    DOI: 10.1007/s40797-021-00146-3
  • Real and Financial Sectors in Post-Pandemic Central and Eastern Europe Jana Katunar, Maja Grdinić, Dario Maradin, pp.109 (ISBN:978-3-030-99849-3)

Paola Corsinovi, Davide Gaeta, European Wine Policies and their consequences on the global wine trade in "ECONOMIA AGRO-ALIMENTARE" 1/2017, pp 59-88, DOI: 10.3280/ECAG2017-001004