Participatory approach and outcome evaluation: the use of brainstorming to define effectiveness’ evaluation criteria of children adoption paths

Journal title RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione
Author/s Caterina Balenzano
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2016/65
Language Italian Pages 20 P. 7-26 File size 601 KB
DOI 10.3280/RIV2016-065002
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

In line with a constructivist approach and a pratical participatory evaluation, the paper used brainstorming technique to define effectiveness’ criteria of children adoption. 26 judges of the Juvenile Court of Bari took part in the evaluational brainstorming, which have been organized in a creative phase, a classification step and a final relevance analysis and group discussion. Applying the Lawshe formula, it has been possible identify the most shared success standards (children well-being: self-esteem, adjustment and secure attachment; adoptees’ and parents’ skill to revise their life story; adoptees’ scholastic and social integration; a good parents-adoptees relationship) and failure ones (parents reject adoptees or adoptees abandon adoptive family). The study highlights suggestions regarding the flexible use of brainstorming technique and underlines the potentials to use a shared evaluation procedure in order to improve both adoption research and practices.

Keywords: Evaluation; Flexible research techniques; Children adoption; Shared evaluation criteria.

  1. Streibel B. J. (2003). The Manager's Guide to Effective Meetings, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
  2. Scriven, M. (1980). The Logic of Evaluation. Inverness, CA: Edgepress.
  3. Stake, R.E. (1995). The Art of Case Study Research. Thousands Oaks, CA: SAGE.
  4. Acocella I. (2008). Il focus group. Teoria e pratica, Milano: Franco Angeli.
  5. Altieri, L. (2009). Valutazione e partecipazione. Metodologia per una ricerca interattiva e negoziale, Milano: Franco Angeli.
  6. Balenzano C., Moro G., Cassibba R. (2012). Dall’affido all’adozione: esplorare processi e percorsi mediante l’analisi dei fascicoli giudiziari. Autonomie locali e servizi sociali, 3, 413-425.
  7. Balenzano C., Moro G., Cassibba R. (2013). L’adozione mite: peculiarità, criteri di successo e valutazione di outcome. Sociologia e Politiche sociali,. 16, 1, 139-159.
  8. Baldascini L. (2008). L’adozione consapevole, Milano: Franco Angeli.
  9. Barcons, N., Abrines, N., Brun, C., Sartini, C., Fumadó, V., Marre, D. (2012). Social relationships in children from intercountry adoption. Children And Youth Services Review, 34(5), 955-961.
  10. Barcons, N., Abrines, N., Brun, C., Sartini, C., Fumadó, V., Marre, D. (2014). Attachment and adaptive skills in children of international adoption. Child & Family Social Work, 19 (1), 89-98.
  11. Bezzi C. (2003). Il disegno della ricerca valutativa, Nuova edizione rivista e aggiornata, Franco Angeli, Milano (prima ed. 2001).
  12. Bezzi C. (2003). Dalla comprensione dell’evaluando alla costruzione degli indicatori”, Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione, 27, 45-8.
  13. Bezzi C. (2010), Il nuovo disegno della ricerca valutativa, Milano: Franco Angeli.
  14. Bezzi C. (2011). Evaluational Brainstorming, Sociology Mind, 1, 4, 151-155.
  15. Bezzi C., Baldini I. (2006). Il brainstorming. Pratica e teoria, Milano: Franco Angeli.
  16. Bezzi, C. (2010). La partecipazione valutativa dalla retorica al metodo, Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione, 47, 119-130.
  17. Castle, J., Groothues, C., Beckett, C., Colvert, E., Hawkins, A., Kreppner, J., Rutter, M. (2009). Parents’ evaluation of adoption success: A follow-up study of intercountry and domestic adoptions. American Journal Of Orthopsychiatry,79 (4), 522-531.
  18. Clark C. (1989), Brainstorming: How to Create Successful Ideas, Wilshire Book Co, Pennsylvania State University.
  19. Cousins, J. B., Whitmore, E. (1998). Framing participatory evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation, 5–23.
  20. De Ambrogio U. (2003). Valutare gli interventi e le politiche sociali, Carocci Faber, Roma.
  21. Decker, S., Omori, M. (2009). Age at Adoption: Long-Term Measures of Success in Adulthood. Adoption Quarterly, 12(1), 37-52.
  22. Escobar, M. J., Pereira, X., Santelices, M. P. (2014). Behavior problems and attachment in adopted and non-adopted adolescents. Children And Youth Services Review, 4259-66.
  23. Fisher, P. A. (2015). Review: Adoption, fostering, and the needs of looked-after and adopted children. Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 20 (1), 5-12.
  24. Foresti, M. (2003). La partecipazione in ambito valutativo: mito o realtà? Teoria e pratica degli approcci partecipati in valutazione, Rassegna italiana di valutazione, 25, 45-70.
  25. Gleitman, I., Savaya, R. (2011). Adjustment of adolescent adoptees: The role of age of adoption and exposure to pre-adoption stressors. Children & Youth Services Review, 33(5), 758-766.
  26. Goldman, G. D., Ryan, S. D. (2011). Direct and modifying influences of selected risk factors on children's pre-adoption functioning and post-adoption adjustment. Children And Youth Services Review, 33(2), 291-300.
  27. Goodman, J. F., Kim, S. S. (2000). 'Outcomes' of Adoptions of Children from India: A Subjective versus Normative View of 'Success.'. Adoption Quarterly, 4(2), 3-27.
  28. Guba, E. G., Lincoln, Y. S. (1989). Fourth generation evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  29. Isaksen, S. G., Gaulin, J. P. (2005). A re-examination of brainstorming research: Implications for research and practice. The Gifted Child Quarterly, 49, 315-329.
  30. Jiménez-Morago, J. M., León, E., Román, M. (2015). Adversity and Adjustment in Children in Institutions, Family Foster Care, and Adoption. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 18: E45, 1-10.
  31. Lawshe C. H. (1975). A quantitative approach to content validity. Personnel psychology, 28, 563–575.
  32. Moro, G., (2005). La valutazione delle politiche pubbliche. Roma: Carocci.
  33. Nijstad, B. A., Stroebe, W. (2006). How the group affects the mind: A cognitive model of idea generation in groups. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 186-213.
  34. Osborn A. F. (1953). Applied Imagination Principles and Procedures of Creative Thinking, Charles Scribners Sons, New York.
  35. Palumbo, M. (2010a). Definizioni, approcci e usi degli indicatori nella ricerca e nella valutazione (pp. 1-44), in Bezzi C., Cannavò L., Palumbo M. (eds), Costruire e usare indicatori nella ricerca sociale e nella valutazione, Franco Angeli, Milano.
  36. Palumbo, M. (2003). La valutazione partecipata e i suoi esiti, Rassegna italiana di valutazione, 25, 71-88.
  37. Palumbo, M. (2010 b). La partecipazione che cambia la valutazione (e forse anche i valutatori?), Rivista trimestrale di scienza della amministrazione, 4, 29-44.
  38. Palumbo, M., Torrigiani C. (2013). Participatory evaluation in the field of social policies: why, who, what, where, how and when. Paper presentato alla Conferenza Internazionale “Participatory local welfare, citizenship and third sector organizations. What is at stake?” Pisa, 31st January – 1st February, --disponibile al link
  39. Pastore, V. (2010). Si fa presto a dire partecipazione. Una riflessione su attori, finalità, tecniche e strumenti. Rivista trimestrale di scienza dell’amministrazione, 4, 73-112.
  40. Patton, Q. M. (1997). Utilization Focused Evaluation: The New Century Text (3rd Ed.), London: Sage Publications.
  41. Paulus, P. B., Brown, V. (2003). Enhancing ideational creativity in groups: Lessons from research on brainstorming. In P. B. Paulus, B. A. Nijstad (Eds.), Group creativity: Innovation through collaboration (pp. 110-136). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  42. Paulus, P. B., Nakui, T., Putman, V. L., Brown, V. R. (2006). Effects of task instructions and brief breaks on brainstorming. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 10 (3), 206-219.
  43. Rebien, C. (1996). Participatory Evaluation of Development AssistanceDealing with Power and Facilitative Learning, Evaluation, 2 (2),151-171.
  44. Regione Puglia (2013) Linee guida regionali sulle adozioni nazionali ed internazionali” in attuazione del “Piano regionale per il sostegno al percorso di adozione nazionale ed internazionale dei minori”, --documento --disponibile al link
  45. Reinoso, M., Forns, M. (2010). Stress, coping and personal strengths and difficulties in internationally adopted children in Spain. Children And Youth Services Review, 32(12), 1807-1813. Rich, J. R. (2003). Brain storm. Tap into your creativity to generate awesome ideas and remarkable results. Franklin Lakes, NJ: Career Press.
  46. Riquier, G. (1997). Stakeholders’ Participation in Public Policy Evaluetion: impact on Organizational Learning, paper presentato all’European Evaluation Society, Stoccolma.
  47. Suárez-Herrera, J., Springett, J., Kagan, C. (2009). Critical connections between participatory evaluation, organizational learning and intentional change in pluralistic organizations. Evaluation, 15(3), 321–42.
  48. Tamanza, G., Montanari, I., Fumi, C., (2006). Alla ricerca del genitore "quasi perfetto". Le rappresentazioni della genitorialità adottiva tra i giudici e gli operatori sociali, Rassegna di Psicologia, 23, 2: 31-48.
  49. Tomei G. (2010). Valutazione, cittadinanza, partecipazione. Le ragioni di un numero monografico, Rivista trimestrale di Scienza dell’Amministrazione, 54, 1, 5-10.
  50. Torrigiani C. (2009). Partecipazione e valutazione partecipata, in Palumbo M. e Torrigiani C., (a cura di), La partecipazione tra ricerca e valutazione, Franco Angeli, Milano, 112-134.
  51. Torrigiani C. (2010). Valutare per apprendere. Capitale sociale e teoria del programma, Franco Angeli, Milano.
  52. Vecchia, M. (2003). Perché la valutazione partecipata, Rassegna italiana di valutazione, 25, 41-43.
  53. Vinnerljung, B., Hjern, A. (2011). Cognitive, educational and self-support outcomes of long-term foster care versus adoption. A Swedish national cohort study. Children & Youth Services Review, 33(10), 1902-1910.
  54. Wood, Z. B. (2013). Public child welfare adoption: The adoptive parent and adolescent adoptee perception of adoption outcomes. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A, 74, 3-A €.
  55. Rahema, M. (2004). Partecipazione, in Sachs, W., (a cura di), Dizionario dello sviluppo, Edizioni, Torino: Gruppo Abele.

Caterina Balenzano, Approccio partecipativo e valutazione di outcome: l’uso del brainstorming nella definizione dei criteri per valutare l’efficacia dei percorsi adottivi in "RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione" 65/2016, pp 7-26, DOI: 10.3280/RIV2016-065002