The Awareness-Consciousness Continuum and the Environment as Lifeworld. Gestalt Ther-apy Takes Another Phenomenological Turn

Author/s Dan Bloom
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2017/1
Language Italian Pages 19 P. 34-52 File size 227 KB
DOI 10.3280/GEST2017-001004
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The awareness continuum and the organism/environment field have been the unexamined foundations for Gestalt therapy’s theory and practice since its beginning in 1951. This paper questions their adequacy. It argues that "awareness" is too broad a concept to describe the rich and complex experience of being human. The "awareness-consciousness continuum" and "environment-lifeworld" are proposed. Persons, as animal organism as well as meaning-making existential human beings, can then be fully considered with the language of our modality. The terms by which we consider our work express our attitude towards our patients.

Keywords: Contact-boundary, field, creative-adjusting, consciousness, phenomenology, lifeworld, self functions, awareness-consciousness continuum, organism/environment-lifeworld field.

  1. Ash M.G. (1995). Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890-1967. Holism and the Quest for Objectivity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (trad. it.: La psicologia della Gestalt nella cultura tedesca dal 1890 al 1967. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2004).
  2. Bloom D. (2003). “Tiger! Tiger! Burning Bright”. Aesthetic Values as Clinical Values in Gestalt Therapy. In: Spagnuolo Lobb M., Amendt-Lyon N., eds., Creative License. The Art of Gestalt Therapy. Vienna: Springer-Verlag, pp. 63-78 (trad. it.: “Tigre! Tigre! Che splendente bruci”: valori estetici come valori clinici in psicoterapia della Gestalt. In: Spagnuolo Lobb M., Amendt-Lyon N., a cura di, Il permesso di creare. L’arte della psicoterapia della Gestalt. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2007).
  3. Bloom D. (2008). Embodied Intentionality: The Engine of Contact. Paper presented at the meeting of the AAGT International 9th International Conference, Manchester, UK.
  4. Bloom D. (2009). The Phenomenological Method of Gestalt Therapy: Revisiting Husserl to Discover the Essence of Gestalt Therapy. Gestalt Review, 13, 3: 277-295.
  5. Bloom D. (2016). The Relational Function of Self. Self Functioning of the Most Human Plane. In: Robine J.-M., ed., Self. A Polyphony of Contemporary Gestalt Therapists. St. Romain-La-Virvée (France): L’Exprimerie.
  6. Crocker S. (2008). A Unified Theory. In: Brownell P., ed., Handbook for Theory, Research, and Practice in Gestalt Therapy. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  7. Crocker G.R., Crocker S. (2009). Phenomenology in Husserl and in Gestalt Therapy. British Gestalt Journal, 18, 1: 18-28.
  8. Damasio A. (1999). The Feeling of What Happens. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace & Co.
  9. Dennett D.C. (1991). Consciousness Explained. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.
  10. Dewey J. (1958). Experience and Nature. New York, NY: Dover (trad. it.: Esperienza e natura. Milano: Ugo Mursia Editore, 2014).
  11. Edelman G.M. (2006). The Embodiment of Mind. Daedalus, 135, 2: 23-31.
  12. Frank R. (2001). Body of Awareness. A Somatic and Developmental Approach to Psychotherapy. Cambridge, MA: Gestalt Press (trad. it.: Il corpo consapevole. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2001).
  13. Francesetti G., Gecele M. (2010). Psicopatologia e diagnosi in psicoterapia della Gestalt. Quaderni di Gestalt, 23, 1: 51-78. DOI: 10.3280/GEST2010-00100
  14. Giorgi A., Giorgi B. (2003). The Descriptive Phenomenological Psychological Method. In: Camic P.M., Rhodes J.E., Yardley L., eds., Qualitative Research in Psychology: Ex-panding Perspectives in Methodology and Design. Washington, DC: American Psycho-logical Association, pp. 243-273.
  15. Goldstein K. (1939). The Organism. A Holistic Approach to Biology Derived from Patho-logical Data in Man. New York, NY: American Book Company (trad. it.: L’organismo. Un approccio olistico alla biologia derivato dai dati patologici nell’uomo. Roma: Giovanni Fioriti Editore, 2010).
  16. Husserl E. (1931). Ideas. General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology. New York, NY: MacMillan.
  17. Husserl E. (1954). The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. (trad. di D. Carr). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1970.
  18. James W. (1981). The Principles of Psychology. Vol. I and II. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  19. James W. (1987). Does Consciousness Exist? In: William James Writings 1902-1910. New York, NY: Library Classics of the United States, pp. 1141-1158.
  20. Kennedy D. (2005). The Lived Body. British Gestalt Journal, 14, 2: 128-134.
  21. Kitzler R. (2007). The Ambiguities of Origins: Pragmatism, the University of Chicago, and Paul Goodman’s Self. Studies in Gestalt Therapy: Dialogical Bridges, 1, 1: 41-65.
  22. Lévinas E. (1991). Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence. New York, NY: Springer.
  23. Mann D. (2010). Gestalt Therapy. 100 Key Points and Techniques. New York, NY: Routledge.
  24. Merleau-Ponty M. (1968). The Visible and the Invisible (trad. di A. Lingus). Evanston, IL: Northwestern Univ Press.
  25. Merleau-Ponty M. (2012). Phenomenology of Perception. An Introduction. New York, NY: Routledge.
  26. Miller M.V. (2015). The Self and Other Errors. A Meditation on Reflexivity and Beyond. In: Robine J.-M., ed., Self. A Polyphony of Contemporary Gestalt Therapists. St. Romain-La-Virvée (France): L’Exprimerie.
  27. Perls F.S., Hefferline R.F., Goodman P. (1951). Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality. New York: The Julian Press (trad. it.: Teoria e pratica della terapia della Gestalt. Vitalità e accrescimento nella personalità umana. Roma: Astrolabio, 1997).
  28. Perls F.S. (1969). Ego, Hunger and Aggression. A Revision of Freud’s Theory and Method. New York, NY: Random House (trad. it.: L’io, la fame e l’aggressività. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 1995).
  29. Perls F.S. (1973). The Gestalt Approach and Eye Witness to Therapy. Palo Alto, CA: Science & Behavior Books (trad. it.: L’approccio della Gestalt. Testimone oculare della terapia. Roma: Astrolabio, 1977).
  30. Perls L. (1992). Living at the Boundary. Highland, NY: Gestalt Journal Press.
  31. Robine J.-M. (2003). Intentionality in Flesh and Blood. International Gestalt Journal, 26, 2: 85-110.
  32. Smuts J. (1926). Holism and Evolution. New York, NY: Viking Press.
  33. Sokolowski R. (2008). Phenomenology of the Human Person. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  34. Spagnuolo Lobb M. (2007). Being at the Contact Boundary with the Other: The Challenge of Every Couple. British Gestalt Journal, 16, 1: 44-52.
  35. Spagnuolo Lobb M. (2011). Il now-for-next in psicoterapia. La psicoterapia della Gestalt raccontata nella società post-moderna. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  36. Spagnuolo-Lobb M. (2014). I principi di base e lo sviluppo della psicoterapia della Gestalt nella società contemporanea. In: Francesetti G., Gecele M., Roubal J., a cura di, La psicoterapia della Gestalt nella pratica clinica. Dalla psicopatologia all’estetica del contatto. Milano: FrancoAngeli, pp. 31-63.
  37. Spiegelberg H. (1972). Phenomenology in Psychology and Psychiatry. A Historical Introduction. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
  38. Steinbock A. (1995). Home and Beyond, Generative Phenomenology after Husserl. Evans-ton, IL: Northwestern University Press.
  39. Yontef G. (1993a). Gestalt Therapy: Clinical Phenomenology. In: Awareness, Dialogue and Process. Essays on Gestalt Therapy. Highland, NY: The Gestalt Journal Press, pp. 181-201.
  40. Yontef G. (1993b). Awareness, Dialogue and Process. Essays on Gestalt Therapy. Highland, NY: The Gestalt Journal Press.

  • Relations. La connaissance relationnelle esthétique du champ Margherita Spagnuolo Lobb, Joseph Caccamo, in Cahiers de Gestalt-thérapie /2019 pp.82
    DOI: 10.3917/cges.041.0082

Dan Bloom, Il continuum consapevolezza-coscienza e l’ambiente come mondo-della-vita. La terapia della Gestalt compie una nuova svolta fenomenologica in "QUADERNI DI GESTALT" 1/2017, pp 34-52, DOI: 10.3280/GEST2017-001004