Inglorious Thirties: The fight between capital and labor in the pages of John Steinbeck and Oliver Wendell Holmes.

Author/s Paola Chiarella
Publishing Year 2019 Issue 2019/1
Language Italian Pages 22 P. 143-164 File size 301 KB
DOI 10.3280/SD2019-001006
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Human affairs and, very often, their miseries are at the center of great world literature. The specialists of the particular not infrequently give voice to the social problems of individuals who do not play a leading role in life. Steinbeck’s proletarian literature tells of the great transformation of the US economy towards the industrialization of agriculture and the exploitation of the proletariat in the not-really-glorious first three decades of the twentieth century. A huge mass of citizens falls into misery and fights a battle for survival and dignity that will end with the New Deal. Steinbeck’s novels give voice to families and workers’ collective struggle, who find the highest form of emotional resistance and material support in the strength of their union. It is also interesting to note that, in the legal sphere, Oliver Wendell Holmes, the aristocratic judge of the US Supreme Court, recognized the clash of the social forces that would have transformed the country already at the beginning of the century. The struggle between capital and labor must preserve the individuals from annihilation, since their effort and dignity are the foundations of the economic system and American democracy. Masses of workers who are heavily wounded in health and autonomy are an obstacle to the moral and social progress of a politically responsible society.

Keywords: [Great Depression - Capitalism - Proletarian fight - Steinbeck - Holmes - New Deal]

  1. Arendt, Hannah, [1958]2003. The Human Condition. Traduzione italiana Vita Activa. La condizione umana. Milano: Bompiani.
  2. Ariki, Kyoko, Luchen Li & Scott Pugh (eds.), 2007. John Steinbeck’s Global Dimensions. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press.
  3. Astro, Richard, & Tetsumaro Hayashi (eds.), 1977. Steinbeck: The Man and His Work. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
  4. Beegel, Susan F., Susan Shillinglaw & Wesley N. Tiffney (eds.), 1997. Steinbeck and the Environment: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
  5. Bent, Silas, 1932. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. A Biography. New York: The Vanguard Press.
  6. Bernstein, Irving, 1970. Turbulent Years: A History of American Worker, 1933-1941. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  7. Daniel, Cletus E., 1982. Bitter Harvest: A History of California Farmworkers, 1870-1941. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  8. Dewey, John, 1941. My Philosophy of Law. In Julius Rosenthal Foundation for General Law, Credos of Sixteen American Scholars. Boston: Boston Law Book Co.
  9. —, [1924]1931. Logical Method and Law. In Philosophy and Civilization. New York: Minton, Balch and Co.
  10. Faralli, Carla, 2002. Introduzione. In Silvana Castignone, Carla Faralli & Mariangela Ripoli (a cura di), Il diritto come profezia. Il realismo americano: antologia di scritti. Torino: Giappichelli.
  11. Frankfurter, Felix, 1961. Mr. Justice Holmes and the Supreme Court. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  12. George, Stephen K. (eds.), 2002. John Steinbeck: A Centennial Tribute. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger.
  13. —, 2005. The Moral Philosophy of John Steinbeck. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press.
  14. Gordon, Robert W. (eds.), 1992. The Legacy of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  15. Grey, Thomas C. 1989. Holmes and Legal Pragmatism. Stanford Law Review, 41, 4: 787-870.
  16. Hayashi, Tetsumaro (eds.), 1993. John Steinbeck: The Years of Greatness, 1936-1939. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
  17. Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1913. Law and the Court. Traduzione italiana Il diritto e la corte. In Oliver Wendell Holmes, Opinioni dissenzienti, (a cura di C. Geraci). Milano: Giuffrè.
  18. —, [1899]2002. Law in Science-Science in Law. Traduzione italiana Diritto e scienza. In Silvana Castignone, Carla Faralli & Mariangela Ripoli (a cura di), Il diritto come profezia. Il realismo americano: antologia di scritti. Torino: Giappichelli.
  19. —, 1975. Opinioni dissenzienti, (a cura di C. Geraci). Milano: Giuffrè.
  20. —, [1894]1920. Privilege, Malice and Intent. In Collected Legal Papers. Harcourt: Brace & Howe; rist. in Harvard Law Review, 8: 1-14.
  21. —, [1881]1963. The Common Law. Little Brown: Mark DeWolfe Howe.
  22. —, [1897]2002. The Path of the Law. Traduzione italiana La via del diritto. In Silvana Castignone, Carla Faralli & Mariangela Ripoli (a cura di), Il diritto come profezia. Il realismo americano: antologia di scritti. Torino: Giappichelli.
  23. Horwitz, Morton J., 2004. La trasformazione del diritto americano 1870-1960. Bologna: il Mulino.
  24. Jones, Claude E., 1940. Proletarian Writings and John Steinbeck. Sewanee Review, 48, 4: 445-456.
  25. Keynes, John Maynard, [1931]1968. Essays in Persuasion. Traduzione italiana Esortazioni e profezie. Milano: il Saggiatore.
  26. Kellogg, Frederic, 2007. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Legal Theory and Judicial Restraint. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  27. Lambert, Edouard, 1921. Le Gouvernement des juges et la lutte contre la législation sociale aux États-Unis. L’expérience américaine du contrôle judiciaire de la constitutionnalité des lois. Paris: Marcel Giard & Cie.
  28. Laski, Harold J., 1931. The Political Philosophy of Mr. Justice Holmes. Yale Law Journal, 40, 5: 683-695.
  29. Lefebvre, Henri, 1975. Il materialismo dialettico. Torino: Einaudi.
  30. Loftis, Anne, 1998. Witnesses to the Struggle: Imaging the 1930s California Labor Movement. Reno: University of Nevada Press.
  31. Lukács, György, [1923]1967. Geschichte und Klassenbewußtsein. Traduzione italiana Storia e coscienza di classe. Milano: Sugar.
  32. Marsh, Fred T., 1935. Life in a California Shantytown. New York Times Book Review, June 2:5.
  33. Marx, Karl, [1867]1970a. Das Kapital. Traduzione italiana Il capitale. Roma: Ed. Riuniti.
  34. —, [1847]1970b. Das Elend der Philosophie. Traduzione italiana Miseria della filosofia. Roma: Samonà-Savelli.
  35. —, [1859]1973. Zur Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie. Traduzione italiana Per la critica dell’economia politica. Introduzione a, Roma: Ed. Riuniti.
  36. —, & Friedrich Engels, [1848]1971. Das Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei. Traduzione italiana Manifesto del partito comunista. Roma: Ed. Riuniti.
  37. McWilliams, Carey, [1939]2000. Factories in the Field: The Story of Migratory Farm Labor in California. Oakland: University of California Press.
  38. Novick, Sheldon M., 1997. Holmes’s Path, Holmes’s Goal. Harvard Law Review, 110, 5: 1028-1032.
  39. Owen, Louis, 1985. John Steinbeck’s Re-Vision of America. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press.
  40. Pollard, Joseph, 1929. Justice Holmes, Champion of the Common Man. New York Times, Dec. 1, 4: 4.
  41. Posner, Richard (eds.), 1992. The Essential Holmes. Selection from Letters, Speeches, Judicial Opinions, and Other Writings of Oliver Wendell Holmes jr. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  42. Postema Gerald J., 2011. Justice Holmes: A New Path for American Jurisprudence. In Enrico Pattaro (ed.), A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence, vol.11. Dordrecht: Springer.
  43. Pound, Roscoe, [1922]1954. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  44. —, [1923]1946. Interpretation of Legal History. Cambridge Mass.: Cambridge University Press.
  45. Rogat, Yosal, 1964. The Judge as Spectator. The University of Chicago Law Review, 31, 2: 213-256.
  46. Rorty, Richard, 1991. Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  47. Satyanarayana, M. R. 1977. John Steinbeck: A Study in the Theme of Compassion. Hyderabad, India: Osmania University Press.
  48. Shriver, Harry C., 1940. The Judicial Opinions of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Buffalo: Dennis & Co.
  49. Spano, Ivano, 1982. Individuo e società. Elementi per una sociologia marxista. Conselve: Francisci Editore.
  50. Starr, Kevin, 1996. Endangered Dreams: The Great Depression in California. New York: Oxford University Press.
  51. Steinbeck, John, [1936a]2015. The Harvest Gypsies. Traduzione italiana I nomadi. Milano: Il Saggiatore.
  52. —, [1936b]2015. In Dubious Battle. Traduzione italiana La battaglia. Milano: Bompiani.
  53. —, [1936]1990. Dubious battle in California, ora in Ilha do Desterro, 23: 117-126.
  54. —, [1937]2016. Of Mice and Men. Traduzione italiana Uomini e topi. Milano: Bompiani.
  55. —, [1939]2017. The Grapes of Wrath. Traduzione italiana Furore. Milano: Bompiani.
  56. —, 1960. The Depression: A Primary on the 30s. Esquire, luglio.
  57. St. Pierre, Brian, 1983. John Steinbeck: The California Years. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.
  58. Valjean, Nelson, 1975. John Steinbeck, the Errant Knight: An Intimate Biography of His California Years. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.
  59. Wagner, Richard, 2002. A Falling Out: The Relationship between Oliver Wendell Holmes and Theodore Roosevelt. Journal of Supreme Court History, 27, 2: 114-137.
  60. White, Morton, 1947. The Revolt against Formalism in American Social Thought of the Twentieth century. Journal of the History of Ideas, 8, 2: 131-152.

Paola Chiarella, Inglorious Thirties. La lotta tra capitale e lavoro nelle pagine di John Steinbeck e Oliver Wendell Holmes in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL DIRITTO " 1/2019, pp 143-164, DOI: 10.3280/SD2019-001006