Land return: de-sealing actions for soil recovery in urban areas

Journal title TERRITORIO
Author/s Fulvio Adobati, Emanuele Garda
Publishing Year 2020 Issue 2019/90
Language Italian Pages 9 P. 154-162 File size 167 KB
DOI 10.3280/TR2019-090017
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Land recovery is an inescapable theme in urban agenda. The issue of safety of urban systems, related to the level of soil permeability in functional to ensure a hydraulic balance, it relates with the increasing attention to the level of ecosystem services, and their improvement in urban context. The actuality of the topic calls for a review of some de-sealing initiatives also to recognize contexts, tools and stakeholders. This paper, through some international and national examples, leads the actions of de-sealing in five ‘families’: (i) soil-sealing compensation initiatives; (ii) brownfield redevelopment; (iii) mitigation and displacement processes; (iv) Low-Impact Developments measures; (v) rivers rehabilitation interventions.

Keywords: Soil sealing; land recycling; soil restoration

  1. Adobati F., Garda E., 2018, «Space to nature. De-sealing policies and Transferable Developments Rights». In: Tassinari P., Torreggiani D. (a cura di), Healthy landscapes: green, regeneration, safety. Firenze: Lorenzo de’ Medici Press.
  2. Ahiablame L.M., Engel B.A., Chaubey I., 2012, «Effectiveness of Low Impact Development Practices: Literature Review and Suggestions for Future Research». Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 223: 4253-4273.
  3. Alker S., Joy V., Roberts P., Smith N., 2000, «The Definition of Brownfield ». Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 43: 49-69. DOI: 10.1080/09640560010766
  4. Atkinson G., Doick K.J., Burningham K., France C., 2014, «Brownfield regeneration to greenspace: Delivery of project objectives for social and environmental gain». Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 13: 586-594.
  5. Artmann M., 2014, «Assesment of soil Sealing Management Responses, Strategies, and Targets Toward Ecologically Sustainaible Urban Land Use Management». AMBIO, 43: 530-541.
  6. Basta C., 2013, «Risk, Space and Distributive Justice». In: Basta C., Moroni S. (eds.), Ethics, Design and Planning of the Built Environment. Berlin: Springer. bio by Deloitte, 2014, Study supporting potential land and soil targets under the 2015. Amsterdam-Vienna: Report prepared for the European Commission.
  7. Bouma J., 2006, «Soil functions and land use». In: Certini G., Scalende R. (eds.), Basic Concepts and Future Challenges. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  8. Brears R.C., 2018, Blue and Green Cities. The Role of Blue-Green Infrastructure in Managing Urban Water Resources. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  9. Chiesura A., 2004, «The role of urban parks for sustainable city». Landscape and Urban Planning, 68: 129-138.
  10. Cho M., 2010, «The politics of urban nature restoration. The case of Cheonggyecheon restoration in Seoul». IDPR, 2: 145-165.
  11. Ciorra P., Marini S., 2011, a cura di, Re-cycle. Strategie per la casa, la città e il pianeta. Milano: Electa.
  12. Costanza R, d’Arge R., de Groot R., Farber S., Grasso M., Hannon B., Limburg K., Naeem S., O’Neill R., Paruelo J., Raskin R.G., Sutton P., van den Belt M., 1997, «The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital». Nature, 387: 253-260.
  13. De Groot R., Wilson M.A., Boumans R., 2002, «A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services». Ecological Economics, 41: 393-408. DOI: 10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00089-7
  14. Depietri Y., Renaud F.G., Kallis G., 2012, «Heat waves and floods in urban areas: a policy-oriented review of ecosystem services». Sustainability Science, 7: 95-107.
  15. Dietz M.E., 2007, «Low Impact Development Practices: A Review of Current. Research and Recommendations for Future Directions». Water Air Soil Pollut, 186: 351–363.
  16. Doick K.J., Sellers G., Hutchings T.R., Moffat A.J., 2006, «Brownfield sites turned green: realising sustainability in urban revival». WIT, 94: 131-140. DOI: 10.2495/BF060131
  17. eea, 2006, Urban Sprawl in Europe: The Ignored Challenge. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  18. eea, 2013, Hard surfaces, hidden costs – Searching for alternatives to land take and soil sealing. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  19. eea, 2016, Land recycling in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  20. EU, 2012, Guidelines on best practice to limit, mitigate or compensate soil sealing. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  21. EU, 2016, No net land take by 2050? Future Brief 14. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  22. Fabian L., Munarin S., 2017, a cura di, Re-Cycle Italy. Atlante. Siracusa: Lettera Ventidue.
  23. Ferreira C.S.S., Walsh R.P.D., Ferreira A.J.D., 2018, «Degradation in urban areas». Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, 5:19-25.
  24. Fini A., Frangi P., Mori J., Donzelli D., Ferrini F., 2017, «Nature based solutions to mitigate soil sealing in urban areas: Results from a 4-year study comparing permeable, porous, and impermeable pavements». Environmental Research, 156: 443-454.
  25. Foley J.A., Defries R., Asner G.P., Barford C., Bonan G., Carpenter S.R., Chapin F.S., Coe M.T., Daily G.C., Gibbs H.K., Helkowski J.H., Holloway T., Howard E.A., Kucharik C.J., Monfreda C., Patz J.A., Prentice I.C., Ramankutty N., Snyder P.K., 2005, «Global consequences of land use». Science, 309: 570-574.
  26. Francis R.A., Lorimer J., 2011, «Urban reconciliation ecology: The potential of living roofs and walls». Journal of Environmental Management, 92: 1429-1437.
  27. Gaeta L., Janin Rivolin U., Mazza L., 2013, Governo del territorio e pianificazione spaziale. Novara; Città Studi Edizioni.
  28. Garda E., 2015, «Proposte per una riforma degli spazi periurbani: il trasferimento dei diritti edificatori e la rigenerazione dei suoli dopo la crescita». In: Munafò M., Marchetti M. (a cura di), Recuperiamo terreno. Analisi e prospettive per la gestione sostenibile della risorsa suolo. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  29. Gardi C., Panagos P., Van Liedekerke M., Bosco C., De Brogniez D., 2015, «Land take and food security: assessment of land take on the agricultural production in Europe». Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 58: 898-912. DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2014.899490
  30. Gibelli G., Gelmini A., Pagnoni E., Natalucci F., 2015, Manuale di drenaggio urbano. Milano: ersaf.
  31. Grant G., 2012, Ecosystem services come to town: greening cities by working with nature. Hoboken: Wiley & Sons.
  32. Grimm N.B., Grove J., Pickett S.T.A., Redman C.L., 2000, «Integrated Approaches to Long-Term Studies of Urban Ecological Systems». BioScience, 50: 571-584.
  33. Haase D., 2009, «Effects of urbanisation on the water balance – A longterm trajectory». Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 29: 211-219.
  34. ispra, 2018, Consumo di suolo, dinamiche territoriali e servizi ecosistemici. Roma.
  35. Kabish N., Qureshi S., Haase D., 2015, «Human–environment interactions in urban green spaces – A systematic review of contemporary issues and prospects for future research». Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 50: 25-34.
  36. Kuichling E., 1889, «The Relation between the Rainfall and the Discharge of Sewers in Populous Districts». asce, xx/1: 1-56.
  37. Lanzani A., 2014, «Un progetto per l’urbanistica, una urbanistica per riformare il paese». In: Russo M. (a cura di), Urbanistica per una diversa crescita. Progettare il territorio contemporaneo. Roma: Donzelli.
  38. Lanzani A., 2015, Città territorio urbanistica tra crisi e contrazione. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  39. Lanzani A., Merlini C., Zanfi F., 2013, «Irriciclabile. Fenomenologia dello spazio abbandonato e prospettive per il progetto urbanistico oltre il paradigma del riuso». Planum, 27, 2: 1-9.
  40. Legambiente, 2016, Ecosistema rischio. Indagine sulle attività delle amministrazioni locali per la mitigazione del rischio idrogeologico. Roma: Legambiente.
  41. Mariarinaldi B., 2007, «Landscapes of metropolitan hedonism The Cheonggyecheon Linear Park in Seoul». Journal of Landscape Architecture, 2: 60-73. DOI: 10.1080/18626033.2007.9723389
  42. Masseroni D., Massara F., Gandolfi C., Bischetti G.B., 2018, Manuale sulle buone pratiche di utilizzo dei sistemi di drenaggio urbano sostenibile. Verona: EcoComunicazione.
  43. Merlini C., 2019a, Nell’epoca dell’eccedenza. La demolizione come strumento del progetto urbanistico. Planum Publisher (in corso di pubblicazione).
  44. Merlini C., 2019b, «L’eventualità della demolizione. Forme, Situazioni e linguaggi ». Archivio di Studi Urbani e Regionali, 129: 26-48. DOI: 10.3280/ASUR2019-124002
  45. Miller J.D., Hutchins M., 2017, «The impacts of urbanization and climate change on urban flooding and urban water quality: A review of the evidence concerning the United Kingdom». Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 12: 345-362.
  46. Milly P.C.D., Wetherald R.T., Dunne K.A., Delworth T.L., 2002, «Increasing risk of great floods in a changing climate». Nature, 415: 514–517.
  47. Moroni S., 1997, Etica e territorio. Prospettive di filosofia politica per la pianificazione territoriale. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  48. Moroni S., 2004, «Towards a reconstruction of the public interest criterion ». Planning Theory, 3/2: 151-171. DOI: 10.1177/1473095204044779
  49. Nickel D., Schoenfelder W., Medearis D., Dolowitz D.P., Keeley M., Shuster W., 2014, «German experience in managing stormwater with green infrastructure». Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57: 403-423. DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2012.748652
  50. Pasqui G., 2017, Urbanistica oggi. Piccolo lessico critico. Roma: Donzelli.
  51. Pasqui G., Lanzani, A., 2011, L’Italia al futuro. Città e paesaggi, economie e società. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  52. Pauleit S., Ennos R., Golding Y., 2005, «Modeling the environmental impacts of urban land use and land cover change – a study in Merseyside, uk». Landscape and Urban Planning, 71: 295-310.
  53. Pavao-Zuckerman M.A., 2008, «The Nature of Urban Soils and Their Role in Ecological Restoration in Cities». Restoration Ecology, 16: 642-649.
  54. Perry R.W., Lindell K., 1997, «Principles for Managing Community Relocation as a Hazard Mitigation Measure». Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 5: 49-59. DOI: 10.1111/1468-5973.00036
  55. Pickett S.T.A., Cadenasso M.L., Grove J.M., Nilon C.H., Pouyat R.V., Zipperer W.C., Costanza R., 2001, «Urban ecological systems: linking terrestrial ecological, physical, and socio-economic components of metropolitan areas». Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 32: 127-157.
  56. Pileri P., 2007, Compensazione ecologica preventive. Principi, strumenti e casi. Roma: Carocci.
  57. Prominski M., Stokman A., Zeller S., Stimberg D., Voermanek H., Bajc K., 2012, River, space, design: planning strategies, methods and projects for urban rivers. Basel: Birkhauser Architecture.
  58. Public Utilities Board, 2018, Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters. Design Guidelines. Singapore.
  59. Regione Lombardia, 2019, Malpensa 2000. Un percorso di successo. Innovazione, sperimentazione e rigenerazione ambientale tra pubblico e privato. San Giuliano Milanese: Regione Lombardia.
  60. Ronchi S., 2018, Ecosystem Services for Spatial Planning. Innovative Approaches and Challenges for Practical Applications. Cham: Springer.
  61. Rosenzweig M.L., 2003, Win-win Ecology: How the Earth’s Species Can Survive in the Midst of Human Enterprise. New York: Oxford University Press.
  62. Rosso R., 2017, Bombe d’acqua. Alluvioni d’Italia dall’Unità al terzo millennio. Padova: Marsilio Editori.
  63. Scalenghe R., Marsan F.A., 2007, «The anthropogenic sealing of soils in urban areas». Landscape and Urban Planning, 90: 1-10.
  64. Stanghellini S., 2010, «Riflessioni e proposte per una perequazione sostenibile ». In: Perrone C., Zetti I. (a cura di), Il valore della terra. Teoria e applicazioni per il dimensionamento della pianificazione territoriale. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  65. Terranova A., 1997, a cura di, Il progetto della sottrazione. Roma: Groma Quaderni.
  66. Tobias S., Conen F., Duss A., Wenzel L., Buser C., Alewell C., 2018, «Soil sealing and unsealing: State of the art and examples». Land Degrad, 29: 2015-2024.
  67. Vurro M., Giuliano G., Passino R., 2007, «Quali impatti si prospettano per le risorse idriche a seguito dei previsti cambiamenti climatici». Geologi e territorio, 3-4: 31-38.
  68. Wolch J.R., Byrne J., Newell J.O., 2014, «Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’». Landscape and Urban Planning, 125: 234-244.
  69. Wratten S., Harpinder S., Cullen R., Costanza R., 2013, a cura di, Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
  70. Yount K.R., 2003, «What Are Brownfields? Finding a Conceptual Definition». Environmental Practice, 5: 25-33. DOI: 10.1017/S1466046603030114

Fulvio Adobati, Emanuele Garda, Land return: le azioni di de-sealing per il recupero del suolo nei contesti urbani in "TERRITORIO" 90/2019, pp 154-162, DOI: 10.3280/TR2019-090017