Quantum Physics encounters Hypnosis. From theories to clinical practice

Journal title IPNOSI
Author/s Giuseppe De Benedittis
Publishing Year 2021 Issue 2021/1 Language Italian
Pages 22 P. 5-26 File size 385 KB
DOI 10.3280/IPN2021-001001
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

A substantial body of evidence does not support the mind-body dualistic mod-el on both epistemological and clinical grounds. In order to overcome the dichot-omy between Mind and Body, a new paradigm based upon Chaotic Complex Sys-tems Theory and Quantum Mechanics is proposed. Accordingly, Mind/Body inter-face represents a chaotic system, ruled by the probability principle, as shown in subatomic physics and quantum mechanics, rather than by the deterministic prin-ciple of causality. Patterns of chaotic behavior can be found in neuronal activity and applications of chaotic patterns seem to be relevant for mind-body research and the process of trance. A Quantum Consciousness theory has been proposed, largely controversial, since Quantum Physics applies to subatomic world and not to macrostructures, such as the brain. Quantum cognition is an emerging field which applies the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to explore and model cognitive phenomena such as information processing by the human brain. It overcomes limits and shortcomings of Cartesian dualism as well as quantum general theory. As hypnosis is a discrete state of consciousness, it applies to hyp-notic cognitive functioning rather than hypnotic structure.

Keywords: Consciousness, hypnosis, chaos, quantum physics, quantum cognition, quantum-like hypnosis.

  1. Amann A. (1993). The Gestalt problem in quantum theory: Generation of molecular shape by the environment. Synthese, 97(1): 125-156.
  2. Atmanspacher H., Filk T. (2010). A proposed test of temporal nonlocality in bistable perception. Journaul of Mathematical Psychology, 54(3): 314-321.
  3. Beck F., Eccles J.C. (1992). Quantum aspects of brain activity and the role of consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 89: 11.357-11.361.
  4. Barton S. (1994). Chaos, self-organization, and psychology. American Psychologist, 49(1): 5-14. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.49.1.5
  5. Bob P. (2007a). Chaos, brain and divided consciousness. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Medica Monographia, 153: 9-80.
  6. Bohr N. (1913). On the constitution of atoms and molecules. Philosophical Magazine, 26: 1-15.
  7. Brained C.J., Wang Z., Ryena V.F., Nakamura K. (2015). Episodic memory does not add up: verbatim-gist superposition predicts violation of additive law of probability. Journal of Memory and Language, 84: 224-245.
  8. Bruza P., Kitto K., Nelson D., McEvoy C. (2009). Is there something quantum-like about the human mental lexicon? Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 53(5), 362-377.
  9. Bruza P., Wang Z., Busemeyer J.R. (2015). Quantum cognition: a new theoretical approach to psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19 (7): 383-393.
  10. Busemeyer J.R., Bruza P.D. (2012). Quantum models of cognition and decision. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  11. Busemeyer J.R., Wang Z. (2015). What Is Quantum Cognition, and How Is It Applied to Psychology? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(3): 163-169. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414568663
  12. Busemeyer J.R., Pothos E.M., Franco R., Trueblood J.S. (2011). A Quantum Theoretical Explanation for Probability Judgment Errors. Psychological Review, 118(2): 193-218.
  13. Capra F. (2010). The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism. USA: Shambala Publications.
  14. Carey T., Griffiths R., Dixon J., Hines S. (2020). Identifying Functional Mechanisms in Psychotherapy: A Scoping Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 17: 11-291.
  15. De Barros J.A., Suppes P. (2009). Quantum mechanics, interference, and the brain. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 53(5): 306-313.
  16. De Benedittis G. (2003). Understanding the multidimensional mechanisms of hypnotic analgesia. Contemporary Hypnosis, 20(2): 59-80.
  17. De Benedittis G. (2008). È davvero tutto nella mia mente? Il dolore psicogeno rivisitato. Pathos, 15 (4): 16-24.
  18. De Benedittis G. (2012). The Hypnotic Brain: Linking Neuroscience to Psychotherapy. Contemporary Hypnosis and Integrative Therapy, 29(1): 103-115.
  19. De Benedittis G. (2018). Ipnosi e meditazione a confronto. Similarità e differenze. Ipnosi, 1: 5-11. DOI: 10.3280/IPN2018-001001
  20. De Benedittis G. (2020). From Quantum Physics to Quantum Hypnosis: A Quantum Mind Perspective. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 68: 433-450. DOI: 10.1080/00207144.2020.1799380
  21. Derbyshire S., Whalley M.G., Stenger V., Oakley D. (2004). Cerebral activation during hypnotically induced and imagined pain. Neuroimage, 23(1): 392-401.
  22. Elkins G.R., Barabasz A.F., Council J.R., Spiegel D. (2014). Advancing research and practice: The revised APA Division 30 definition of hypnosis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 63(1), 1-9. DOI: 10.1080/00207144.2014.961870
  23. Woolf S.H. (2008). The meaning of translational research and why it matters. Jama, 299(2): 211-213.
  24. Wang Z., Busemeyer J.R., Atmanspacher H., Pothos E.M. (2013). The Potential of Using Quantum Theory to Build Models of Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Sciences, 5 (2013) 672-688.
  25. Tashiro T., Mortensen L. (2006). Translational research: How social psychology can improve psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 61(9): 959-966. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.61.9.959
  26. Strauman T.J., Goetz E.L., Detloff A.M., Mac Duffie K.E., Zaunmüller L., Lutz V. (2013). Self‐Regulation and Mechanisms of Action in Psychotherapy: A Theory‐Based Translational Perspective. Journal of Personality, 81(6):
  27. Stapp H. (2009). Mind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics. Berlin: Springer.
  28. Schwartz J.M., Stapp H.P., Beauregard M. (2005). Quantum physics in neuroscience and psychology: a neurophysical model of mind-brain interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B,360(1458):1309-1327.
  29. Schrödinger E. (2012). What is Life? Cambridge: University Press.
  30. Rossi E.L., Rossi K. (2016). A Quantum Field Theory of Neuropsychotherapy: Semantic Mind–Brain Maps and the Quantum Qualia of Consciousness. International Journal of Neuropsychotherapy, 4(1): 47-68.
  31. Rakovic D., Vasic A. (2008). Classical-Neural and Quantum-Holographic Informatics: Psychosomatic-Cognitive Implications. 9th Symposium on Neural Network Applications in Electrical Engineering, Belgrade.
  32. Rainville P., Bao Q.V. Chrétien P. (2005). Pain-related emotions modulate experimental pain perception and autonomic responses. Pain, 118(3): 306-18.
  33. Prigogine I. (1997). The End of Certainty. New York: The Free Press.
  34. Pothos E.M., Busemeyer J.R. (2013). Can quantum probability provide a new direction for cognitive modelling? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36: 255-274. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X12001525
  35. Penrose R., Hameroff S. (2011). Consciousness in the Universe: Neuroscience, Quantum Space-Time Geometry and Orch OR Theory. Journal of Cosmology.
  36. Li J.A., Dong D., Wei Z., Liu Y., Pan Y., Nori F., Zhang X. (2020). Quantum reinforcement learning during human decision-making. Nature Human Behaviour, 4(3): 294-307.
  37. Kuhn T. (1970). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  38. Khrennikov A. (2006). Quantum-like brain: “Interference of minds” Biosystems, 84(3): 225-241.
  39. Kak S. (2013). Biological memories and agents as quantum collectives. NeuroQuantology 11: 391-398.
  40. Jensen M., Adachi T., Tomè-Pires C., Lee J., Jamil Osman W., Mirò J. (2015). Mechanisms of hypnosis. Toward a Development of a Biopsychosocial Model. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 63(1): 34-75. DOI: 10.1080/00207144.2014.961875
  41. Farah M.J., Wilson K.D., Drai M., Tanaka J. N. (1998). What Is “Special” About Face Perception? Psychological Review, 105(3): 482-498.
  42. Everett H. (1957). Relative State Formulation of Quantum Mechanics, Review of Modern Physics, 29: 454-462.
  43. Erickson M.H., Rossi E.L. (1981). Experiencing hypnosis. Therapeutic approaches to altered states. New York: Irvington.
  44. Erickson M.H. (1964). The confusion technique in hypnosis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 6 (3): 183-207. DOI: 10.1080/00029157.1964.10402343

  • La raffigurabilità psichica: il potere terapeutico e conoscitivo dell'immaginario Valter Santilli, in IPNOSI 2/2022 pp.69
    DOI: 10.3280/IPN2021-002004

Giuseppe De Benedittis, La Fisica Quantistica incontra l’Ipnosi. Dai fondamenti teorici alla pratica clinica Parte seconda in "IPNOSI" 1/2021, pp 5-26, DOI: 10.3280/IPN2021-001001