Politics of hashtags: Social network analysis of online contestation in the 2019 Indonesia presidential election

Author/s Caroline Paskarina, Rina Hermawati Nuraeni
Publishing Year 2021 Issue 2021/1 Language English
Pages 20 P. 151-170 File size 489 KB
DOI 10.3280/RISS2021-001009
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

This article uses social network analysis of online contestation on Twitter from September 2018 to April 2019 to reveal how netizens’ engagement in election de-bates is polarized by the politics of hashtags. This study finds that hashtags are operated to construct dichotomist debate focusing on both presidential candi-dates’ figure. This finding indicates: first, the weak position of citizens in deliberat-ing public issues; second, the ineffectiveness of social media, especially Twitter as an online forum for articulating public issues; and third, online influencers, who create and propagate hashtags, play a strategic role in deliberating public issues. Strengthening the role of social media needs to be combined with contemporary citizenship political strategies that can extend access for civil society and online influencers to play an active role in articulating public issues more argumentative-ly.

Keywords: politics of hashtags, contestation, presidential election, discourse, so-cial network analysis, citizenship.

  1. McGregor S.C., Mourão R.R., Molyneux L. (2017). Twitter as a tool for and object of political and electoral activity: Considering electoral context and variance among actors. Journal of Information Technology and Politics. DOI: 10.1080/19331681.2017.1308289
  2. Mulligan D. (2016). Developing Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies for the analysis of Political Discourse on Twitter: An Irish Case Study. -- Retrieved from http://doras.dcu.ie/21358/1/DonalMulligan_PhD_2016.pdf.
  3. Neuman W.R., Bimber B., Hindman M. (2011). The Internet and Four Dimensions of Citizenship. In The Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media.
  4. Paskarina C., Hermawati R., Nuraeni (2019). The Citizen in Electoral Discourse : A Preliminary Study. In Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Indonesian Politics. Semarang, Indonesia: EAI-EUDL.
  5. Santoso P. (2017). Weaving Citizenship, Creating Democracy from its Core. In E. Hiariej, K. Stokke (Eds.). Politics of Citizenship in Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia in cooperation with PolGov Fisipol UGM and University of Oslo.
  6. Schumpeter J.A. (2010). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. DOI: 10.4324/9780203857090
  7. Arroyas Langa E., Perez Diaz P.L. (2016). The new identitary narrative of populism: A discourse analysis of Pablo Iglesias (Podemos) on Twitter. Cultura Lenguaje Y Representacion-Revista De Estudios Culturales De La Universitat Jaume I. DOI: 10.6035/CLR.2016.15.4
  8. Bakliwal A., Foster J., van der Puil J., O’Brien R., Tounsi L., Hughes M. (2013). Sentiment Analysis of Political Tweets: Towards an Accurate Classifier. In Workshop on Language in Social Media.
  9. Bosch T. (2016). Twitter and participatory citizenship: #FeesMustFall in South Africa. In Digital Activism in the Social Media Era: Critical Reflections on Emerging Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-40949-8_8
  10. Bruns A., Burgess J. E. (2011). The use of Twitter hashtags in the formation of ad hoc publics. In ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation. Reykjavik: Creative Industries Faculty; Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation.
  11. Bruns A., Stieglitz S. (2012). Quantitative Approaches to Comparing Communication Patterns on Twitter. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 30(3-4): 160-185. DOI: 10.1080/15228835.2012.744249
  12. Conover M.D., Ratkiewicz J., Francisco M., Goncalves B., Flammini A., Menczer F. (2011). Political Polarization on Twitter. In Proceedings of the Fifth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media Political (pp. 89-96). DOI: 10.1023/A:1018556721104
  13. Couldry N. (2013). Media, Society, World Social Theory and Digital Media Practice. USA: Polity Press.
  14. Sunstein C. (2002). The Law of Group Polarization. Journal of Political Philosophy, 10(2): 175-195.
  15. Daley J.P. (2012). (Re)writing civics in the digital age: The role of social media in student (dis)engagement. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.
  16. Dryzek J.S. (2018). Discursive Democracy. Discursive Democracy. DOI: 10.1017/9781139173810
  17. Fahmi I. (2018). Tagar #2019GantiPresiden Kuasai Media Sosial | SwaMedium - Part 5. -- Retrieved June 24, 2019, from https://www.swamedium.com/2018/04/11/tagar-2019gantipresiden-kuasai-media-sosial/5/.
  18. Gutmann A., Thompson D. (2004). Deliberative democracy beyond process. In Contemporary Political Theory: A Reader.
  19. Habermas J. (2006). Political Communication in Media Society: Does Democracy Still Enjoy an Epistemic Dimension? The Impact of Normative Theory on Empirical Research. Communication Theory, (16): 411-26.
  20. Howison J., Wiggins A., Crowston K. (2018). Validity Issues in the Use of Social Network Analysis with Digital Trace Data. Journal of the Association for Information Systems.
  21. Johnson K., Goldwasser D. (2016). Identifying Stance by Analyzing Political Discourse on Twitter.
  22. Jungherr A. (2016). Twitter use in election campaigns: A systematic literature review. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 13(1): 72-91. DOI: 10.1080/19331681.2015.1132401
  23. Karkın N., Yavuz N., Parlak İ., İkiz Ö.Ö. (2015). Twitter use by politicians during social uprising: an analysis of Gezi park protests in Turkey. In Proceedings of the 16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research. DOI: 10.1145/2757401.2757430
  24. Larsson A.O., Moe H. (2012). Studying political microblogging: Twitter users in the 2010 Swedish election campaign. New Media and Society. DOI: 10.1177/1461444811422894
  25. Lazer D. (2011). Networks in political science: Back to the future. In PS - Political Science and Politics. DOI: 10.1017/S1049096510001873
  26. Lazer D., Pentland A., Adamic L., Aral S., Barabási A.-L., Brewer D., … Van Alstyne M. (2009). Life in the network: the coming age of computational social. Science.

  • Analysis and mining of an election-based network using large-scale twitter data: a retrospective study Amartya Chakraborty, Nandini Mukherjee, in Social Network Analysis and Mining 74/2023
    DOI: 10.1007/s13278-023-01081-0
  • Public Trust in the Time of Pandemic: An Analysis of Social Networks in the Discourse of Large-Scale Social Restrictions in Indonesia Caroline Paskarina, in Social Sciences /2023 pp.186
    DOI: 10.3390/socsci12030186

Caroline Paskarina, Rina Hermawati Nuraeni, Politics of hashtags: Social network analysis of online contestation in the 2019 Indonesia presidential election in "RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA'" 1/2021, pp 151-170, DOI: 10.3280/RISS2021-001009