Modelo de redes para la integración psicosocial de adolescentes infractores de ley en Chile: una propuesta desde la psicología comunitaria

Author/s Alba Zambrano Constazo, Jaime Muñoz Vidal, Oscar Vivallo Urra, Claudio Andrade Gyllen
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/1
Language Spanish Pages 23 P. 79-101 File size 1175 KB
DOI 10.3280/PSC2022-001005
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Dating violence is alarmingly prevalent, highlighting the need to implement efficient pre-vention strategies. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of the multi-component SPARX program. Results showed that school staff reported greater self-efficacy in answering questions regarding positive relationships and dating violence as well as know-ing how to react when a student confides a situation of dating violence. Parents and caregivers perceived a significant increase in their abilities to discuss positive romantic relationships with their teen, in recognizing the signs that their teen might be experiencing difficulties in their re-lationship and in guiding them towards help resources. Qualitative data revealed that youth appreciated the activities of the SPARX program.

La violenza nei rapporti di coppia tra i giovani (dating violence DV) è un fenomeno diffuso in maniera allarmante che evidenzia la necessità di attuare strategie di prevenzione efficaci. L’obiettivo di questo studio pilota era quello di valutare gli effetti del programma multicomponente SPARX. I risultati hanno mostrato che il personale scolastico ha riportato una maggiore auto-efficacia nel rispondere alle domande riguardanti le relazioni positive e il DV, e anche nel sapere come reagire nel momento in cui uno studente o una studentessa gli confidi una situazione di DV. I genitori e i caregiver hanno percepito un aumento significativo delle capacità di discutere di relazioni romantiche positive con i loro adolescenti, di riconoscere i segnali indicanti che i loro giovani potrebbero avere delle difficoltà nelle relazioni e di guidarli verso le risorse di aiuto. I dati qualitativi hanno rivelato che gli adolescenti hanno apprezzato le attività del programma SPARX.

Keywords: dating violence, prevenzione, programma multicomponente, approccio socio-ecologico, valutazione.

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Alba Zambrano Constazo, Jaime Muñoz Vidal, Oscar Vivallo Urra, Claudio Andrade Gyllen, Modelo de redes para la integración psicosocial de adolescentes infractores de ley en Chile: una propuesta desde la psicología comunitaria in "PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’" 1/2022, pp 79-101, DOI: 10.3280/PSC2022-001005