Secolarizzazione e laicità. Come articolare la questione e affrontare le sue sfide

Author/s Jean-Claude Monod
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2022/75 Language Italian
Pages 12 P. 45-56 File size 95 KB
DOI 10.3280/LAS2022-075004
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Is it true, as Étienne Balibar once argued, that secularism, which he interpreted essentially as a regime of veridiction with a claim to universality, has nothing to do with secularization? In this essay, it is claimed that this is not the case. For not only is secularization the condition of possibility of secularism, but the split between secularization and secu¬larism is tantamount to - and serves - the construction of a myth of secularism, that should be understood in the sense in which Foucault spoke of a certain teleological history as a «myth for philosophers». Rejecting this myth, however, is not the same as denying some spe¬cificities of secularism. Just as Claude Lefort insisted on the irreducibility of human rights to a bourgeois ideology and their status as an «uncontrollable hotbed» of multifaceted con¬testations of power and democratic intervention, one admit the irreducibility of seculariza¬tion and secularism to the power mechanisms in which they have actually settled.

Keywords: Secularization, secularism, laïcité, power, reason

Jean-Claude Monod, Secolarizzazione e laicità. Come articolare la questione e affrontare le sue sfide in "SOCIETÀ DEGLI INDIVIDUI (LA)" 75/2022, pp 45-56, DOI: 10.3280/LAS2022-075004