The art sales of the Roman nobility. A base of new European collections

Author/s Gabriele B. Clemens
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2023/2
Language Italian Pages 25 P. 70-94 File size 221 KB
DOI 10.3280/RISO2023-002003
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During French rule in the Italian peninsula (1797-1814), noble families had to sell valuable works of art to pay taxes and war debts. Above all, British art experts bought Renaissance and Baroque paintings and had them auctioned. Entire collections also changed hands. The buyers of these exquisite items were primarily wealthy Englishmen, but members of Napoleon’s family and officials protected by Napoleon also built up valuable collections in just a few years, which they had to sell again after 1815. This time, the winners of the anti-Napoleonic coalition wars took their chance to acquire very expensive art objects. Everyone involved in the market wanted to demonstrate their power and increase their prestige with their collections. Princes and kings vied for the construction of museums in their residences, which were modeled on the Louvre.

Keywords: art market, nobility, Napoleon’s family, museums, prestige, collections.

Gabriele B. Clemens, Le vendite d’arte della nobiltà romana: una base per il collezionismo europeo in "IL RISORGIMENTO" 2/2023, pp 70-94, DOI: 10.3280/RISO2023-002003