The Jewish Emigration through the Port of Trieste between the 19th and 20th centuries. Spaces, Practices, Agencies, Memories

Journal title STORIA URBANA
Author/s Tullia Catalan
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2022/172 Language Italian
Pages 1 P. 37-57 File size 265 KB
DOI 10.3280/SU2022-172003
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Between the 19th and the 20th century the port of Trieste was a fundamental hub in Europe and Italy for Jewish emigration to Palestine, especially for Jews coming from Eastern Europe, while after 1933 it became the main flight route for German and Au-­ strian Jews heading to the Americas and Shanghai. The article analyses, on the basis of available historiography and on the study of oral and visual sources, the phases and the organization of this migration flow through the Adriatic port, focusing on the role played by the Italian Committee for Assistance to Jewish Emigrants of Trieste until 1943, which thanks to its network of connections with the major Jewish agencies, the Italian authorities and the shipping companies made possible the departure of thousands of people towards safety. The focus of the article is on the spaces that were reserved for Jewish emigration to Trieste, the bureaucratic procedures necessary for departure and the individual expe-­ riences, which allow us to reconstruct, through ego-­documents, the emotions, desires, fears and hopes of the refugees.

Keywords: Jewish Emigration, Port of Trieste, Jewish Exile, anti-­Semitism, Palestine, Italian Fascism.

Tullia Catalan, L’Emigrazione ebraica attraverso il porto di Trieste tra Ottocento e Novecento. Spazi, pratiche, organizzazioni assistenziali, memorie in "STORIA URBANA " 172/2022, pp 37-57, DOI: 10.3280/SU2022-172003