La social network analysis come strumento di valutazione delle politiche di sviluppo locale: un’applicazione nell’ambito di LEADER 2014-2022

Journal title RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione
Author/s Stefano Ghinoi, Giovanni Carrosio, Stefano Carta
Publishing Year 2024 Issue 2023/87 Language Italian
Pages 19 P. 32-50 File size 535 KB
DOI 10.3280/RIV2023-087003
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

According to the Liaison Entre Actions de Développement de l’Economie Rurale (LEADER) approach, Local Action Groups (LAGs) empower the creation of social capital by enabling social relations among local actors. Re- cent studies have investigated the socio-economic aspects driving this phe- nomenon, but there is a lack of research on the internal dynamics occurring within LAGs. This study aims to investigate this aspect by focusing on an Italian LAG as case study, and using Social Network Analysis to understand how LAG’s internal communication dynamics relate to the activities imple- mented on the territory. Our results show that the LAG operates as an inter- mediary between municipalities and local associations, but it is not able to foster direct relationships between these actors; moreover, the LAG is not able to make the relational elements prevailing over the socio-economic and geographical aspects of the territory.

Keywords: LEADER; Social Network Analysis; communication; local de- velopment.

  1. Barbera, F. (2001). Le politiche della fiducia. Incentivi e risorse sociali nei patti territo- riali. Stato e mercato, 21(3): 413-450. DOI: 10.1425/472
  2. Barca, F., Carrosio, G. (2020). Un modello di policy place-based: la Strategia nazionale per le aree interne. In Osti G., Jachia E. (a cura di), Attivaree. Una politica per le aree interne. Bologna: Il Mulino.
  3. Borgatti, S.P., Everett, M.G., Johnson, J.C. (2013). Analyzing Social Networks. Los An- geles: SAGE.
  4. Bosworth, G., Annibal, I., Carroll, T., Price, L., Sellick, J., Shepherd, J. (2016). Empow- ering Local Action through Neo-Endogenous Development; The Case of LEADER in Eng- land. Sociologia Ruralis, 56(3): 427-449.
  5. Boumans, D., Ferry, M. (2019). Networks and efficient policy implementation: Insights from cohesion policy. Evaluation, 25(4): 411-429. DOI: 10.1177/1356389019855096
  6. Caimo, A., Lomi, A. (2015). Knowledge Sharing in Organizations: A Bayesian Analysis of the Role of Reciprocity and Formal. Journal of Management, 41(2): 665-691. DOI: 10.1177/0149206314552192
  7. Chiesi, A.M. (1999). L’analisi dei reticoli sociali. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  8. Cross, R., Borgatti, S.P., Parker, A. (2001). Beyond answers: Dimensions of the advice network. Social Networks, 23: 215-235. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-8733(01)00041-7
  9. Di Napoli, R., Muscas, F. (2017). LEADER and Social Capital in Sardinia: The Case Study of the Sulcis Iglesiente Capoterra E Campidano Di Cagliari Local Action Group. In: Pisani, E., Franceschetti, G., Secco, L., Christoforou, A. (a cura di), Social Capital and Local Development: From Theory to Empirics. Palgrave Macmillan.
  10. Esparcia, J., Escribano, J., Buciega A. (2015). A perspective of LEADER Method in Spain based on the Analysis of Local Action Groups. In: Granberg L., Andersson K., Kovac I. (a cura di), Evaluating the European Approach to Rural Development: Grass-roots Experiences of the LEADER Programme. London: Routledge.
  11. Esparcia, J., Serrano, J.J. (2016). Analysing social networks in rural development: a gen- der approach. International Review of Social Research, 6(4): 206-220. DOI 10.1515/irsr- 2016-0023.
  12. Estensoro, M., Larrea, M. (2016). Overcoming policy making problems in smart special- ization strategies: engaging subregional governments. European Planning Studies, 24(7): 1319-1335. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2016.1174670
  13. European Commission (2006). The LEADER Approach: A Basic Guide. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  14. European Commission (2017). Guidelines: Evaluation of LEADER/CLLD. Brussels. European Court of Auditors (2010). Implementation of the leader approach for rural development, Special Report 10. -- Disponibile online al seguente sito:
  15. Everett, M.G., Borgatti, S.P. (2013). The dual-projection approach for two-mode net- works. Social Networks, 35(2): 204-210.
  16. Furmankiewicz, M., Macken-Walsh, A., Stefańska, J. (2014). Territorial governance, net- works and power: Cross-sectoral partnerships in rural Poland. Geografiska Annaler, Series B: Human Geography, 96(4): 345-361.
  17. Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78: 1360-1380.
  18. ISTAT (2020). Popolazione residente: Anno 2020. -- Disponibile online al seguente sito:
  19. Kossinets, G. (2006). Effects of missing data in social networks. Social Networks, 28(3): 247-268.
  20. Lee, J., Árnason, A., Nightingale, A., Shucksmith, M. (2005). Networking: Social capital and identities in European rural development. Sociologia Ruralis, 45(4): 269-283.
  21. Marquardt, D., Möllers, J., Buchenrieder, G. (2012). Social Networks and Rural Devel- opment: LEADER in Romania. Sociologia Ruralis, 52(4): 398-431.
  22. Marquardt, D., Pappalardo, G. (2014). Overcoming challenges of evaluating integrated endogenous rural development and partnership interventions – A worthwhile exercise? Land- bauforschung Applied Agricultural and Forestry Research, 3/4(64): 179-194. DOI: 10.3220/LBF_2014_179-194
  23. Marsden, P.V., Lin, N. (a cura di) (1982). Social Structure and Network Analysis. London: SAGE.
  24. Mom, T.J.M., Van den Bosch, F.A.J., Volberda, H.W. (2009). Understanding Variation in Managers’ Ambidexterity: Investigating Direct and Interaction Effects of Formal Structural and Personal Coordination Mechanisms. Organization Science, 20(4): 812-828.
  25. Nardone, G., Sisto, R., Lopolito, A. (2010). Social Capital in the LEADER Initiative: a methodological approach. Journal of Rural Studies, 26(1): 63-72.
  26. Opsahl, T., Agneessens, F., Skvoretz, J. (2010). Node centrality in weighted networks: Generalizing degree and shortest paths. Social Networks, 32: 245-251.
  27. Pappalardo, G., Sisto, R., Pecorino, B. (2018). Is the Partnership Governance Able to Pro- mote Endogenous Rural Development? A Preliminary Assessment Under the Adaptive Co- Management Approach. European Countryside, 10(4): 543-565.
  28. Penuel, W.R., Sussex, W., Korbak, C., Hoadley, C. (2006). Investigating the Potential of Using Social Network Analysis in Educational Evaluation. American Journal of Evaluation, 27(4): 437-451.
  29. Pisani, E., Burighel, L. (2014). Structures and dynamics of transnational cooperation net- works: evidence based on Local Action Groups in the Veneto Region, Italy. Bio-based and Applied Economics, 3(3): 249-269. DOI: 10.13128/BAE-14681
  30. Podda, A. (2016). Meccanismi di costruzione e valutazione del capitale sociale attraverso la Social Network Analysis. Il ruolo dei Gruppi di Azione Locale (GAL). Sociologia del Lavoro, 143: 127-146. DOI: 10.3280/SL2016-143008
  31. Podda, A. (2017). I legami che creano sviluppo. Capitale sociale e politiche di rete. Ap- plicazioni di social network analysis. Roma: Ediesse.
  32. Popelier, L. (2018). A scoping review on the current and potential use of social network analysis for evaluation purposes. Evaluation, 24(3): 325-352. DOI: 10.1177/1356389018782219
  33. Prell, C. (2012). Social Network Analysis: History, theory & methdology. London: SAGE. Valente, T.W., Palinkas, L.A., Czaja, S., Chu, K.-H., Brown, C.H., (2015). Social Net- work Analysis for Program Implementation. PLoS ONE, 10(6): e0131712.
  34. Wasserman, S., Faust, K. (1994). Social Network Data: Collection and Analysis. Cam- bridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511815478
  35. Wiesinger, G. (2007). The importance of social capital in rural development, networking and decision-making in rural areas. Revue de Geographie Alpine, 95(4): 29-56.

Stefano Ghinoi, Giovanni Carrosio, Stefano Carta, La social network analysis come strumento di valutazione delle politiche di sviluppo locale: un’applicazione nell’ambito di LEADER 2014-2022 in "RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione" 87/2023, pp 32-50, DOI: 10.3280/RIV2023-087003