The cult of the Leader, from the Risorgimento to fascism

Author/s Christopher Duggan
Publishing Year 2011 Issue 2011/83 Language Italian
Pages 22 P. 76-97 File size 319 KB
DOI 10.3280/PASS2011-083005
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The cult of the Leader, from the Risorgimento to fascism looks at the attempts under liberalism and fascism to develop cults around such figures as the king, Queen Margherita, Garibaldi, Crispi and Mussolini. From the time of the Risorgimento it was widely recognised that there was a symbolic deficit in relation to Italian unity. The need to promote the monarchy after 1860 - and in due course other cults - gained urgency as the state institutions, and especially parliament, lost credibility. The failure of the monarchy to emerge as a unifying symbol, powerful enough to deflect mass support away from the Catholics and socialists, created a vacuum which the cult of Mussolini exploited.

Keywords: Monarchy, liberalism, papacy, Parliament, fascism, nationalism

Christopher Duggan, Il culto dell’Uno dal Risorgimento al fascismo in "PASSATO E PRESENTE" 83/2011, pp 76-97, DOI: 10.3280/PASS2011-083005