The memory of 1980 in Poland and the creation of the European Solidarity

Author/s Piotr Perkowski
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/98 Language Italian
Pages 19 P. 91-109 File size 150 KB
DOI 10.3280/PASS2016-098005
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Centre explores two contemporary historical discourses - called «conciliatory» and «confrontational» - on the importance of the year 1980 and the rise of the Solidarity movement in Poland. The first discourse puts emphasis on the ability to negotiate and points out the importance of 1980 for the genesis of the Round Table talks in 1989 and the following peaceful transition from communism to democracy, while the second one refers to the political conflict within the Solidarity trade union and the incorporation of post-communists into the politics of the young Polish democracy. The dichotomy in remembering the newest history seems to be fundamental for the evolution of the contemporary Polish political scene, divided into two right-wing political parties, Platforma Obywatelska and Prawo i Sprawiedliwos´c´. In addition, it brought Solidarity leaders and Polish politicians into several conflicts around the creation of a modern history museum in Gdan´sk, the European Solidarity Centre. The conflicts escalated during the ESC opening ceremony in 2014, and previously around the election of its director, Basil Kerski. Therefore, the dichotomy is harmful for the collective memory in Poland and, possibly, for the ability to address contemporary European problems with meanings of solidarity.

Keywords: Collective memory, Polish revolution of 1980, European Solidarity Centre, Polish politics, Communism, Eastern Europe

Piotr Perkowski, La memoria del 1980 in Polonia e la nascita del Centro europeo di Solidarnosc in "PASSATO E PRESENTE" 98/2016, pp 91-109, DOI: 10.3280/PASS2016-098005