Relations between the French Empire and Persia (1807-1809): the treaty of Finkenstein and Claude-Mathieu de Gardane’s mission

Journal title STORIA URBANA
Author/s Massimiliano Vaghi
Publishing Year 2019 Issue 2018/160 Language Italian
Pages 27 P. 29-55 File size 162 KB
DOI 10.3280/SU2018-160002
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Generally, the alliance between Napoleon and Persian sovereign Fath Ali Shah Qajar (treaty of Finkenstein and Claude-Mathieu de Gardane’s mission) is considered a minor episode by Western historiography in relation to the complex context of Napoleonic diplomatic activities. However, it deserves special attention because it testifies on the one hand an important aspect of the "Middle East Politics" by the Emperor of the French, and on the other hand it shows how Persia enters inexorably into an era that drags it in the arena of international rivalry among European powers. With the Franco-Persian alliance, once again, after Egypt, Napoleon casts the limits of his political and strategic thinking far away from the borders of Europe. This article highlights the question of the true or supposed continuity of French imperial politics in Southern Asia compared to the Monarchy’s one, and the indirect implications of Finkenstein’s treaty and of Gardane’s mission: Russia definitively entered the "Great Game" of South Asia, which throughout the eighteenth century had been an exclusive theatre of Anglo-French rivalry.

Keywords: Franco-Persian alliance, Claude-Mathieu de Gardane, Finkenstein Treaty, Napoleon.

  • Charles de Bussy e gli avventurieri "francesi" in India (1746-­1806) Massimiliano Vaghi, in SOCIETÀ E STORIA 174/2022 pp.673
    DOI: 10.3280/SS2021-174001

Massimiliano Vaghi, Le relazioni fra la Francia imperiale e la Persia (1807-1809): il trattato di Finkenstein e la missione di Claude-Mathieu de Gardane in "STORIA URBANA " 160/2018, pp 29-55, DOI: 10.3280/SU2018-160002