Journal title SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO
Author/s Emilio Reyneri
Publishing Year 2020 Issue 2020/157 Language Italian
Pages 20 P. 33-52 File size 261 KB
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After briefly illustrating how the legal regulation of hiring in Italy has changed since the beginning of the last century, the article presents how the ways of finding a job in the last 50 years have changed thanks to an Istat longitudinal retrospective survey. With little relation to regulatory changes, the main changes have been: a slow reduction in the number of jobs found thanks to relatives, friends and acquaintances and, on the other hand, an increase in the use of newspaper and internet advertisements, private employment agencies and the support of training facilities (schools and internships), while direct relations with employers have remained constant and there has been a curvilinear trend in public competitions and the use of public offices. However, these changes were due to a composition effect, since for the same levels of education and the same sectors the distribution of the ways in which jobs were found has not changed much. The last paragraph compares some of the outcomes of the three types of job matching regulation: market, networks and organisations.
Keywords: Employment, job finding, Italy, personal relations
Emilio Reyneri, Come trovare un lavoro. Una storia italiana in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 157/2020, pp 33-52, DOI: 10.3280/SL2020-157002