Bond energy, technological change and production specialization Italian chemical industry since World War II to the oil crises

Author/s Mario Perugini
Publishing Year 2017 Issue 2016/73
Language Italian Pages 25 P. 91-115 File size 316 KB
DOI 10.3280/SPC2016-073005
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The essay examines the role played by the energy constraint in conditioning the Italian chemical industry after World War II. Early adoption of the new technological paradigm based on the use of hydrocarbons creates opportu-nities for growth until then unknown for Italian companies. Nevertheless, the lack of an organic link with the national refining industry and a clear indu-strial policy on sectoral level brings over the sixties the focus of new indu-strial initiatives in basic petrochemicals. The increased competitiveness of the industry eventually results in a serious weakening of the major groups. The exhaustion of the national natural gas reserves and the outbreak of the first oil crisis at that point will mark the beginning of an irreversible decline of the Italian petrochemical industry

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Mario Perugini, Vincolo energetico, mutamento tecnologico e specializzazione produttiva dell’industria chimica italiana dalla seconda guerra mondiale alle crisi petrolifere in "STORIA E PROBLEMI CONTEMPORANEI" 73/2016, pp 91-115, DOI: 10.3280/SPC2016-073005